RCIN and OZwRCIN projects


Title: The perception of Bihor mountain tourist destination, Romania


Geographia Polonica Vol. 94 No. 4 (2021)



Place of publishing:



24 cm


Tourism represents one of the economic sectors with major implications in the sustainable development of the mountain areas. The tourists’ perception regarding the image of the tourist destinations is a key requirement that all the stakeholders in tourism have to take into account, due to its major role in shaping and directing the tourist flows and in the development of local communities, by extension. In terms of methodology, the questionnaire method was used in this study, with a face-to-face implementation technique. Among others, the questionnaire had targeted the degree of knowledge concerning Bihor Mountain destination, the tourist consumer habits and the tourists’ perception related to the quality-price ratio because of tourist consumption. The results show that most of the respondents have stated that they have not visited Bihor Mountain Tourist Destination for the first time, coming back here even several times a year because of its multiple tourist attractions and the extremely convenient quality-price ratio. All these show a positive perception of the majority of tourists regarding the visited destination, being materialised in an increased flow of visitors and the beneficial effects on the local economy and the preservation of the mountain areas.


Abellán, F.C., García Martínez, C. (2021). Landscape and tourism as tools for local development in midmountain rural areas in the Southeast of Spain (Castilla-La Mancha). Land, 10(2), 221. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10020221 DOI
Araújo, A., Cardoso, L., Araújo, N., Dias, F. (2019). Understanding the role of destination imagery in mountain destination choice. Evidence from an exploratory research. European Journal of Tourism Research, 22, 151-165.
Bar, R., Tătar, C.F., Herman, G.V. (2016). Satisfaction degree rating of tourist services in Buziaş spa, Timiş County, Romania. GeoJournal of Tourism and Geosites, 18(2), 212-223.
Beerli, A., Martıín, J.D. (2004). Tourists' characteristics and the perceived image of tourist destinations: A quantitative analysis - a case study of Lanzarote, Spain. Tourism Management, 25(5), 623-636. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2003.06.004 DOI
Boller, F., Hunziker, M., Conedera, M., Elsasser, H., Krebs, P. (2010). Fascinating remoteness: The dilemma of hiking tourism development in peripheral mountain areas. Mountain Research and Development, 30(4), 320-331. DOI
Bonadonna, A., Giachino, C., Truant, E. (2017). Sustainability and mountain tourism: The Millennial's perspective. Sustainability, 9(7), 1219. https://doi.org/10.3390/su9071219
Brătucu, G., Băltescu, C.A., Neacşu, N.A., Boşcor, D., Ţierean, O.M., Madar, A. (2017). Approaching the sustainable development practices in mountain tourism in the Romanian Carpathians. Sustainability, 9, 2051. https://doi.org/10.3390/su9112051 DOI
Bryman, A. (2012). Social research methods: 4th edition. Oxford, USA: Oxford University Press.
Cernaianu, S., Sobry, C. (2017). The development of winter sports tourism in Romania - A historical approach. European Journal of Tourism Research, 16, 8-18.
Chaudhary, M. (2000). India's image as a tourist destination - a perspective of foreign tourists. Tourism management, 21(3), 293-297. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0261-5177(99)00053-9 DOI
Chelcea, S. (2007). Metodologia cercetării sociologice. Metode cantitative şi calitative. Bucureşti: Editura Economică.
Cracolici, M.F., Nijkamp, P. (2009). The attractiveness and competitiveness of tourist destinations: A study of Southern Italian regions. Tourism management, 30(3), 336-344. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2008.07.006 DOI
Czernek-Marszałek, K. (2019). Applying mixed methods in social network research-The case of cooperation in a Polish tourist destination. Journal of Destination Marketing & Management, 11, 40-52. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdmm.2018.10.004 DOI
Dehoorne, O., Varodi, M. O, Caciora, T. (2019). Tourist resources assesement in Pădurea Craiului Mountains. Folia Geographica, 61(2), 163-171.
Dezsi, S., Rusu, R., Ilies, M., Ilies, G., Badarau, A.S., Rosian, G. (2014). The role of rural tourism in the social and economic revitalisation of Lapus Land (Maramures County, Romania). Geoconference on Ecology, Economics, Education and Legislation, 2, 783-790. DOI
Drăghici, C.C., Pintilii, R.D., Peptenatu, D., Comănescu, L.G., Sirodoev, I. (2015). The role of SPA tourism in the development of local economies from Romania. Procedia Economics and Finance, 23, 1573-1577. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2212-5671(15)00400-1 DOI
Duan, X., Marafa, L.M., Chan, C.S., Xu, H., Cheung, L.T. (2020). Measuring the gaps in the projected image and perceived image of rural tourism destinations in China's Yangtze River Delta. Sustainability, 12(12), 5121. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12125121 DOI
Dwivedi, M. (2009). Online destination image of India: A consumer based perspective. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 21(2), 226-232. https://doi.org/10.1108/09596110910935714 DOI
Favre-Bonte, V., Gardet, E.,Thevenard-Puthod, C. (2019). The influence of territory on innovation network design in mountain tourism resorts. European Planning Studies, 27(5), 1035-1057. https://doi.org/10.1080/09654313.2019.1588856 DOI
Giachino, C., Truant, E., Bonadonna, A. (2019). Mountain tourism and motivation: Millennial students' seasonal preferences. Current Issues in Tourism, 23(19), 2461-2475. https://doi.org/10.1080/13683500.2019.1653831 DOI
Grecu, A., Gruia, A.K., Marin, M., Bănuţă, M., Olteanu, C., Constantin, I., Drăghici, C.C. (2019). Specificity of sustainable structural dynamics of local economy in Romanian tourist resorts. Sustainability, 11(24), 7155. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11247155 DOI
Herman, G.V., Grama, V., Sonko, S.M., Boc, E., Băican, D., Garai, L.D., Blaga, L., Josan, I., Caciora, T., Gruia, K.A., Grecu, A., Peptenatu, D. (2020). Online information premise in the development of Bihor tourist destination, Romania. Folia Geographica, 62(1), 21-34.
Herman, G.V., Wendt, J.A., Dumbravă, R., Gozner, M. (2019). The role and importance of promotion centers in creating the image of tourist destination: Romania. Geographia Polonica, 92(4), 443-454. https://doi.org/10.7163/GPol.0158 DOI
Herman, G.V., Varodi, M.O., Grama, V., Morar, C. (2019). Geographical considerations regarding the tourist destination Pădurea Craiului Mountains. Analele Universităţii din Oradea, Seria Geografie, 29(1), 102-108. https://doi.org/10.30892/auog.291111-808 DOI
Hull, J.S. (2016). Wellness tourism experiences in Mountain Regions: The case of Sparkling Hill Resort, Canada. Mountain Tourism: Experiences, Communities, Environments and Sustainable Futures, CABI, 25-35. DOI
Ilieş, A., Ilieş, D.C., Tătar, C., Ilieş, M. (2017). Geography of tourism in Romania. In K. Widawski, J. Wyrzykowski (Eds.), The geography of tourism of Central and Eastern European countries. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-42205-3_9 DOI
Jurigova, Z., Lencsesova, Z. (2015). Monitoring system of sustainable development in cultural and mountain tourism destinations. Journal of Competitiveness, 7(1), 35-52. https://doi.org/10.7441/joc.2015.01.03 DOI
Keller, P. (2014). Mountainlikers: New trends of mountain tourism for the summer season. In 8th World Congress on Snow and Mountain Tourism, Andorra: Principality of Andorra.
Kuščer, K., Mihalič, T., Pechlaner, H. (2016). Innovation, sustainable tourism and environments in mountain destination development: A comparative analysis of Austria, Slovenia and Switzerland. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 25(4), 489-504. https://doi.org/10.1080/09669582.2016.1223086 DOI
Linc, R., Şerban, E., Caciora, T. (2019). Poiana Ruscăi: One mountain and two monuments. Analele Universităţii din Oradea, Seria Geografie, 29(2), 146-157. DOI
Lv, X., Mccabe, S. (2020). Expanding theory of tourists' destination loyalty: The role of sensory impressions. Tourism Management, 77, 104026. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2019.104026 DOI
Ministry of Tourism (2019). Structurile de primire turistică cu funcţiuni de cazare clasificate (Tourist reception structures with classified accommodation functions)(LSPTC). Retrieved from http://turism.gov.ro/web/autorizare-turism/ [July, 2019].
Moon, H., Han, H. (2019). Tourist experience quality and loyalty to an island destination: The moderating impact of destination image. Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing, 36(1), 43-59. https://doi.org/10.1080/10548408.2018.1494083 DOI
Mutana, S., Mukwada, G. (2018). Mountain-route tourism and sustainability. A discourse analysis of literature and possible future research. Journal of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism, 24, 59-65. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jort.2018.08.003 DOI
National Institute of Statistics (2019). Average monthly earnings. Retrieved from https://insse.ro/cms/ro/tags/comunicat-castig-salarial?page=2 [15 April 2021].
Petrikovičová, L., Krogmann, A., Fialová, D., Svorad, A. (2019). Intensive tourist-related urbanisation impacts on a mountain village: The case study of Veľká Lomnica in Slovakia. Geographia Polonica, 92(4), 395-408. https://doi.org/10.7163/GPol.0155
Posea, G. (2005). Geomorfologia României: relief - tipuri, geneză, evoluţie, regionare (Geomorphology of Romania: Relief - types, genesis, evolution, regionalization), Second Edition revised and added. Bucharest: Romania de Maine Foundation Publishing House.
Ritchins, H., Johnsen, S., Hull, J. (2016). Overview of mountain tourism: Substantive nature, historical context, areas of focus. Mountain Tourism: Experiences, Communities, Environments and Sustainable Futures, CABI, 1-12. DOI
Stepanova, S.V. (2019). The Northern Ladoga region as a prospective tourist destination in the RussianFinnish borderland: Historical, cultural, ecological and economic aspects. Geographia Polonica, 92(4), 409-428. https://doi.org/10.7163/GPol.0156 DOI
Streifeneder, T., Omizzolo, A. (2017). The Dolomites UNESCO World Heritage: Visitors' mobility behaviour and acceptance of regulatory measures. Journal on Protected Mountain Areas Research and Management, 9, 93-97. https://doi.org/10.1553/eco.mont-9-sis93 DOI
Szromek, A.R., Kruczek, Z., Walas, B. (2020). The attitude of tourist destination residents towards the effects of overtourism - Kraków case study. Sustainability, 12(1), 228. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12010228 DOI
The National Bank of Romania (2019). BNR Course Archive. Retrieved fromhttps://www.cursbnr.ro/arhiva-curs-bnr-2019-08-30 [15 April 2021].
Toral, S.L., Martínez-Torres, M.R., Gonzalez-Rodriguez, M.R. (2018). Identification of the unique attributes of tourist destinations from online reviews. Journal of Travel Research, 57(7), 908-919. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0047287517724918 DOI
Vidović, N., Dželetović, M. (2019). Impact of tourism on economic development of serbian mountain areas. Tourism International Scientific Conference Vrnjačka Banja - TISC, 4(2), 382-397.
Wendt, J., Buhaş, R., Herman, G.V. (2019). Experience of the Baile-Felix tourist system (Romania) for the protection and promotion of the grey seal as a brend on the Hel Peninsular (Poland). Baltic Region, 11(1), 109-116. https://doi.org/10.5922/2079-8555-2019-1-8 DOI
Wendt, J.A., Grama, V., Ilieş, G., Mikhaylov, A.S., Borza, S.G., Herman, G.V., Bógdał-Brzezińska, A. (2021). Transport infrastructure and political factors as determinants of tourism development in the crossborder region of Bihor and Maramureş. A comparative analysis. Sustainability, 13(10), 5385. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13105385 DOI
Widawski, K., Oleśniewicz, P., Rozenkiewicz, A., Zaręba, A., Jandová, S. (2020). Protected areas: Geotourist attractiveness for Weekend tourists based on the example of Gorczański National Park in Poland. Resources, 9(4), 35. https://doi.org/10.3390/resources9040035 DOI
Więckowski, M., Saarinen, J. (2019), Tourism transitions, changes, and the creation of new spaces and places in Central-Eastern Europe. Geographia Polonica, 92(4), 369-377. https://doi.org/10.7163/GPol.0154a DOI
Więckowski, M. (2020). Natural heritage as a resource fot tourism development in the Polish Carpathians. Geografický Časopis, 72(3), 243-259. https://doi.org/10.31577/geogrcas.2020.72.3.12 DOI
Zhang, H., Wu, Y., Buhalis, D. (2018). A model of perceived image, memorable tourism experiences and revisit intention. Journal of Destination Marketing & Management, 8, 326-336. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdmm.2017.06.004 DOI


Geographia Polonica





Start page:


End page:


Detailed Resource Type:


Resource Identifier:

oai:rcin.org.pl:232792 ; 0016-7282 (print) ; 2300-7362 (online) ; 10.7163/GPol.0221


CBGiOS. IGiPZ PAN, call nos.: Cz.2085, Cz.2173, Cz.2406 ; click here to follow the link



Language of abstract:



Creative Commons Attribution BY 4.0 license

Terms of use:

Copyright-protected material. [CC BY 4.0] May be used within the scope specified in Creative Commons Attribution BY 4.0 license, full text available at: ; -

Digitizing institution:

Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Central Library of Geography and Environmental Protection. Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization PAS

Projects co-financed by:

European Union. European Regional Development Fund ; Programme Innovative Economy, 2010-2014, Priority Axis 2. R&D infrastructure



Object collections:

Last modified:

Dec 28, 2021

In our library since:

Dec 28, 2021

Number of object content downloads / hits:


All available object's versions:


Show description in RDF format:


Show description in RDFa format:


Show description in OAI-PMH format:




Citation style:

This page uses 'cookies'. More information