RCIN and OZwRCIN projects


Title: Assessing urban sprawl-related housing dynamics in the Romanian metropolitan areas


Grigorescu, Ines ; Mitrică, Bianca ; Mocanu, Irena

Date issued/created:


Resource type:



Local development in urban and rural space: project and planning ; Studia Obszarów Wiejskich = Rural Studies, t. 38



Place of publishing:



24 cm

Type of object:



Currently, in Romania, nearly 7,500,000 inhabitants (34% of the country total population) live in the metropolitan areas. Following the political and socio-economic changes which came after the post-communist period, the metropolitan landscape witnessed significant transformations, mainly related to urban sprawl (suburbanisation), in terms of land use/land cover changes and conversion to residential, commercial or services areas triggering both deconcentration and spatial redistribution of the population. The authors intend to assess the main urban sprawl-related housing dynamics in connection with some triggering driving forces in terms of the spatial transformations of built-up areas, changes in population patterns, residential expansion, etc., while focusing on the most important Romanian metropolitan areas: Bucharest, Oradea, Iaşi and Constanţa. Therefore, using GIS computer mapping techniques, statistical data and field surveys, the current study seeks to provide an insight into the connections between the main patterns of change and the residential development pathways in the Romanian metropolitan areas.


1. Bayona J., Gil-Alonso F., 2011, Foreign Migration, Urban Growth and Suburbanisation Dynamics in Large Spanish Metropolitan Areas, Workshop 04: Growing discrepancies between sustainability and affordability in the metropolitan housing markets in the period of public finance crisis, Enhr Conference, 2011, 5–8 July, Toulouse. http://www.enhr2011.com/sites/default/files/Paper-BAYONA_GIL-WS04.pdf
2. Bălteanu D., Badea L., Buza M., Niculescu Gh., Popescu C., Dumitraşcu M. (eds.), 2006, Romania. Space, Society, Environment, The Publishing House of the Romanian Academy, Bucharest.
3. Bălteanu D., Grigorescu I., 2006, The impact of Changing land Use upon the Environment in the Metropolitan Area of Bucharest, Preliminary Considerations, Romanian Review of Regional Studies – Journal of the Centre for Regional Geography, II, Cluj-Napoca.
4. Conway F., Katsura H., Budisteanu I., Pascal I., 1995, Final Report. The Transition to a market-based housing sector in Romania, Report prepared for International City County Management Association. Local Government and Housing Privatization, USAID Contract No. EUR-0034-C-00-2034-00, The Urban Institute, Washington, D.C.
5. Erdeli G., Cândea M., Braghină C., Costachi S., Zamfir D., 1999, Dicţionar de Geografie Umană/Human Geography Dictionary (in Romanian), Edit. Corint, Bucureşti.
6. Erdeli G., Simion G., 2006, Local Decentralization and extended suburbanization: A geographical approach of the metropolisation process in Romania, Buletinul Societăţii de Geografie din România, XII (XXCII), Bucureşti, pp. 107–120.
7. ESPON FOCI, 2010, Future Orientations for Cities (FOCI), Final Report, Version 15/December/2010.
8 Geografia României/The Geography of Romania, 1984, vol. II, Geografia umană şi economic/Human and Economic Geography (in Romanian), Editura Academiei Române, Bucureşti.
9. Gherasim V. (coord.), 2003, Studiu privind necesitatea organizãrii Zonei metropolitane Bucureşti, Primãria sector I, Universitatea Bucureşti, Facultatea de Drept, Bucureşti.
10. Grigorescu I., 2008, Environmental issues in Bucharest Metropolitan Area, Journal of The Geographical Society of Hosei University, 40, Tokyo, pp. 11–21.
11. Grigorescu I., 2010, Modificările mediului în Aria Metropolitană a Municipiului Bucureşti, Editura Academiei Române, Bucureşti.
12. Grigorescu I., Dumitrescu (Mitrică) B., 2010, The role of metropolitan areas in the Romanian urban system. A case-study: Bucharest Metropolitan Area, Time-space Changes of the Regional and Landscapes Structures, Institute of Geonics Ostrava, Brno branch, pp. 29–34.
13. Grigorescu I., Mitrică B., Mocanu I., Nicoleta T., 2012, Urban sprawl and residential development in the Romanian Metropolitan Areas, Romanian Journal of Geography, 56 (1), Editura Academiei Române, Bucureşti, pp. 43–59.
14. Grigorescu I., Mitrică B., Kucsicsa G, Popovici A., Dumitraşcu M., Cuculici R., 2012, Post-communist land use changes related to urban sprawl in the Romanian Metropolitan Areas, HUMAN GEOGRAPHIES – Journal of Studies and Research in Human Geography, 6, 1, pp. 35–46.
15. Guran-Nica L., Sofer M., 2011, Migration dynamics in Romania and the Counter-Urbanisation Process: A Case Study of Bucharest's Rural-Urban Fringe, [in:] Hedberg C., Carmo, R. M. (eds.), Translocal Ruralism: Mobility and Connectivity in European Rural Space, The GeoJournal Library Book series, 103, Springer, pp. 87–102.
16. Hirt S., 2008, Suburbanizing Sofia: Characteristics of Post-Socialist Peri-Urban Change, Urban Geography, Bellwether Publishing, Ltd., pp. 755–780, DOI 10.2747/0272-3638.28.8.755.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2747/0272-3638.28.8.755 -
17. Ianoş I. (coord.), 1998–1999, Analiza principiilor, obiectivelor strategice şi a politicilor specifice serviciilor publice în scopul realizării planului de amenajare a teritoriului zonal – Zona metropolitană Bucureşti/ The analysis of principles, strategic objectives and specific policies of public services in order to achieve the regional spatial plan - Bucharest metropolitan area (in Romanian), Institutul de Geografie, Centrul de Proiectare Urbană, Bucureşti.
18. Ianoş I., Cercleux A. L., Pintilii R. D., 2010, Remarks on identity building of rural and urban communities in the Bucharest Metropolitan Area, Analele Universităţii din Oradea – Seria Geografie, XX, 2 December, pp. 173–183.
19. Ianoş I., Peptenatu D., Drăghici Cr., Pintilii R. D., 2012, Management elements of the emergent metropolitan areas in a transition country. Romania, as case-study, Journal of Urban and Regional Analysis, IV, 2, Bucharest, pp. 149–172.
20. Iojă C., Onose D., Nită M., Vanău G., Pătroescu M., Gavrilidis A., Saghin I., Zarea R., 2011, The conversion of agricultural lands into built surfaces in Romania, Recent Researches in Urban Sustainability and Green Development, pp. 115–120.
21. Iordan, I., 1998, Les catégories taxonomiques: zone suburbaine, zone périurbaine, zone métropolitaine. Socio-economic changes in the suburban areas of large cities in Romania and Poland, Romanian-Polish Geographical Seminar, Academia Româna, Institutul de Geografie, Bucureşti.
22. Iordan I., 2003, România, încotro? Regionalizare – Cum? Când?/ Romania, whereto? Regionalization – How? When? (in Romanian), CD Press, Bucureşti.
23. Kabisch N., Haase, D., 2011, Diversifying European Agglomerations: Evidence of Urban Population Trends for the 21st Century, Population, Space and Place, 17, pp. 236–253.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/psp.600 -
24. Leetmaa K., 2008, Residential Suburbanization in the Tallin metropolitan area. Dissertation thesis, Tartu University Press, Tartu.
25. Mitrică B., Grigorescu I., Urucu V., Dobraca L., 2014, Oraşele şi ariile metropolitane/Towns and metropolitan areas, [in:] România: Spaţiu, Societate, Mediu/Romania: Space, Society, Environment, (in Romanian), Academiei Române, Bucureşti (in print).
26. Nicolae I., 2002, Suburbanismul, ca fenomen geografic în România/The suburbanism, as a geographical phenomenon in Romania (in Romanian), Meronia, Bucureşti.
27. Niculiţă L., Iojă C., Tudor A., Pavelescu G., Iojă, A., 2011, Evaluation of environmental impact caused by new residential areas in the Bucharest Metropolitan Area, International Conference on Urban Sustainability, Cultural Sustainability, Green Development, Green Structures and Clean Cars, USCUDAR – Proceedings, pp. 130–135,
28. Patacchini E., Zenou Y., Henderson J. V., Epple D., 2009, Urban Sprawl in Europe, Brookings-Wharton Papers on Urban Affairs, Published by: The Brookings Institution, pp. 125–149.
29. Pătroescu M., Vânău G., Niţă M., Iojă C., Iojă A., 2011, Land Use Change in the Bucharest Metropolitan Area and its Impacts on the Quality of the Environment in Residential Developments, Forum Geografic, X (1), pp. 177–186, DOI 10.5775/fg.2067-4635.2011.036.i.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5775/fg.2067-4635.2011.036.i -
30. Săgeată R., 2005, Zona metropolitană Bucureşti. Propunere pentru o posibilă delimitare/ Bucharest Metropolitan Area. Proposal for a possible delineation (in Romanian), Lucrările Seminarului Geografic Dimitrie Cantemir", Universitatea Al. I. Cuza", Iaşi, 25, 2004.
31. Săgeată R., 2006, Deciziile politico-administrative şi organizarea teritoriului. Studiu geografic cu aplicare la teritoriul României/The political-administrative decisions and territorial planning. A geographical study with a focus on the Romanian territory (in Romanian), Universităţii Naţionale de Apărare Carol I" Top Form, Bucureşti.
32. Soos G., Ignits G., 2003, Suburbanization and its consequences in the Budapest Metropolitan Area, Third EuroConference The European City in Transition, The City and the Region, Bauhaus-Universität Weimar, Germany, Supported by the European Commission.
33. Strategia de Dezvoltare Teritorială a României (SDTR)/Romanian National Strategy for Territorial Development (in Romanian), 2015, Ministry of Regional Development and Public Administration, Second Version/February 2015 http://www.sdtr.ro//fckeditor/uploads/Strategia%20de%20dezvoltare%20teritoriala%20a%20Romaniei%20-%20proiect.pdf.
34. Sykora L., 2006, Urban development, policy and planning in the Czech Republic and Prague, [in:] Altrock U., Guntner S., Huning S., Peters D. (eds.), Spatial Planning and Urban Development in the New EU Member States. From Adjustment to Reinvention, Ashgate Publishing Limited, England.
35. Sykora L., Ourednicek M., 2007, Sprawling post-communist metropolis: commercial and residential suburbanisation in Prague and Brno, the Czech Republic [in:] Razin E, Dijst M., and Vazquez C. (eds.), Employment Deconcentration in European Metropolitan Areas, GeoJournal Library, 91, pp. 209–233, DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4020-5762-5_8.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-5762-5_8 -
36. Suditu B., 2009, Urban sprawl and residential mobilities in the Bucharest area – reconfiguration of a new residential geography, Human Geographies, IV, 2, pp. 79–93.
37. Suditu B., Ginavar A., Muică A., Iordăchescu C., Vârdol A., Ghinea B., 2010, Urban sprawl characteristics and typologies in Romania, Journal of Studies and Research in Human Geography, 4, 2, pp. 79–87.
38. Suditu B., 2012, Urban sprawl – the legal context and the territorial practices in Romania, HUMAN GEOGRAPHIES – Journal of Studies and Research in Human Geography, 6, 1, pp. 73–77.
39. Zilişteanu I. R., 2011, National Housing Policies in Romania between 1990 and 2010, Romanian Economic and Business Review, 6, 1.
40. TEMPO online, 2012, https://statistici.insse.ro/shop/
41. Urucu V., Dobraca L., Dumitrescu (Mitrică) B., 2006, Towns, în Romania: Space, Society, Environment, Academiei Române, Bucureşti, pp. 195–211.
42. Berg L. van den, Drewett R., Klaasen L. H., Rossi A., Vijverberg C. H. T., 1982, Urban Europe: A study of Growth and Decline, Oxford, Pergamon Press.
43. www.ziarulfinanciar.ro
44. www.zmo.ro/en/
45. www.zmi.ro/en/iasi_metropolitan_area.html
46. www.zmc.ro/


Studia Obszarów Wiejskich



Start page:


End page:


Detailed Resource Type:



File size 4,9 MB ; application/pdf

Resource Identifier:

oai:rcin.org.pl:56659 ; 1642-4689 ; 10.7163/SOW.38.9


CBGiOŚ. IGiPZ PAN, call no. Cz.4488 ; CBGiOŚ. IGiPZ PAN, call no. Cz.4489 ; click here to follow the link




Creative Commons Attribution BY 3.0 PL license

Terms of use:

Copyright-protected material. [CC BY 3.0 PL] May be used within the scope specified in Creative Commons Attribution BY 3.0 PL license, full text available at: ; -

Digitizing institution:

Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Central Library of Geography and Environmental Protection. Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization PAS

Projects co-financed by:

European Union. European Regional Development Fund ; Programme Innovative Economy, 2010-2014, Priority Axis 2. R&D infrastructure



Object collections:

Last modified:

Mar 25, 2021

In our library since:

Oct 14, 2015

Number of object content hits:


Number of object content views in PDF format


All available object's versions:


Show description in RDF format:


Show description in RDFa format:


Show description in OAI-PMH format:


Objects Similar



Citation style:

This page uses 'cookies'. More information