Title: Environmental changes, rural out-migration and social dynamics in Himalayas


Tiwari, Prakash C. ; Joshi, Bhagwati

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Local development in urban and rural space: project and planning ; Studia Obszarów Wiejskich = Rural Studies, t. 38



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24 cm


The paper aims at interpreting inter-linkages between environmental changes and rural out-migration and at assessing their impacts on quality of life of rural women with a case illustration of Upper Kosi Catchment, Uttarakhand Himalayas, India. The results indicate that the availability of water, fuel-wood and fodder decreased, agricultural production declined and livelihood opportunities were reduced mainly due to depletion of natural resources. Consequently, the male out-migration increased by 15% during 1981–2011. This increased workload of women by 25%, more than 40% women are under severe threat of a variety of health risks generated mainly due to excess work-load, under-nourishment and lack of hygiene and sanitation.


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Studia Obszarów Wiejskich



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oai:rcin.org.pl:56655 ; oai:rcin.org.pl:56655 ; 1642-4689 ; 10.7163/SOW.38.5


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Copyright-protected material. [CC BY 3.0 PL] May be used within the scope specified in Creative Commons Attribution BY 3.0 PL license, full text available at: ; -

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Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization of the Polish Academy of Sciences

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Central Library of Geography and Environmental Protection. Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization PAS

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European Union. European Regional Development Fund ; Programme Innovative Economy, 2010-2014, Priority Axis 2. R&D infrastructure




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