RCIN and OZwRCIN projects


Title: Smart Blue Cities


Europa XXI 36 (2019)



Place of publishing:



Każdy numer posiada własny tytuł.

Type of object:



This paper presents the concept of Smart Cities from the perspective of those located by water, considering if there are more major differences in the way the concept is implemented in coastal cities, as opposed to those located anywhere else. It proves possible to point to such differences, in relation to the three key areas of mobility, the environment and living. Further consideration is given to specific legal and cross-cultural challenges – like excessive tourism and issues of short-term rental – as these appear from the Smart City perspective; and relevant mobility challenges are also addressed. The article further refers to aspects the Smart City and blue growth concepts have in common, as well as to areas in which coordination of the two will be necessary. Ultimately, conclusions are arrived at on the basis of research results for 10 large cities in Poland, the readiness of their city offices to implement the Smart City concept having been the subject of verification.


Azkuna, I. (2012). Smart Cities Study: International study on the situation of ICT, innovation and Knowledge in cities. The Committee of Digital and Knowledge‐based Cities of UCLG. Bilbao: The Committee of Digital and Knowledge‐based Cities of UCLG. Retrieved from http://www.uclg-digitalcities.org/app/uploads/2015/06/en_smartcitiesstudy.pdf
Bach-Głowinska, J. (2014). Inteligentna przestrzeń. Warsaw: Wolters Kluwer.
Barbesgaard, M. (2018). Blue growth: savior or ocean grabbing? The Journal of Peasant Studies, 45(1), 130-149. https://doi.org/10.1080/03066150.2017.1377186
Ben Letaifa, S. (2015). How to strategize smart city: Revealing the SMART model. Journal of Business Research, 68(7), 1414-1419. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2015.01.024
Bettencourt, L. (2014). The Uses of Big Data in Cities. Big Data, 2(1), 12-22. https://doi.org/10.1089/big.2013.0042https://doi.org/10.1089/big.2013.0042
Bowen, A., & Fankhauser, S. (2011). The green growth narrative: paradigm shift or just spin? Global Environmental Change, 21(4), 1157-1159. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2011.07.007
Cohen, B. (2015, October 8). The 3 Generations of Smart City. Fast Company. Retrieved from https://www.fastcompany.com/3047795/the-3-generations-of-smart-City
EC (2019, November 11). Blue Growth. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/maritimeaffairs/policy/blue_growth_en
FAO (2015). Oceans and sustainable development: integration of the three dimensions of sustainable development, namely environmental, social and economic. Draft Resolution A/69/L.29. Secretary-General on Oceans and the Law of the Sea. Retrieved from http://www.un.org/depts/los/general_assembly/contributions_2015/FAO.pdf
Hollands G. R. (2008). Will the real smart city please stand up? City, 12(3), 303-320. https://doi.org/10.1080/13604810802479126
Mitchell W., J. (2007). Intelligent cities. e-Journal on the Knowledge Society, 5. Retrieved from http://www.uoc.edu/uocpapers/5/dt/eng/mitchell.pdf
Orłowski, A., & Romanowska, P. (2019). Smart Cities Concept: Smart Mobility Indicator. Cybernetics and Systems, 50(2), 118-131. https://doi.org/10.1080/01969722.2019.1565120
Orłowski, A. (2019). Model gotowości procesowej urzędu miejskiego dojścia do Smart City. Warsaw: CeDeWu.
Orłowski, C., Ziółkowski, A., Orłowski, A., Kapłański, P., Sitek, T., & Pokrzywnicki, W. (2016). High-Level Model for the Design of KPIs for Smart Cities Systems. In N., Nguyen, R., Kowalczyk, C., Orłowski & A. Ziółkowski A. (Eds.). Transactions on Computational Collective Intelligence XXV. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (vol. 9990, pp. 1-14). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-53580-6_1
Repko, J., & DeBroux, S. (2012). Smart Cities Literature Review and Analysis. IMT, 598, pp. 18.
Sakellariadou, F., & Kostopoulou, E. (2015). Marine ecotourism from the perspective of blue growth. Conference Paper, 7th iCOnEc Conference Competitiveness and Stability in the Knowledge-based Economy, pp. 10.
Soma, K., van der Burg, S., Hoefnagel, E., Stuiver, M., & van der Heide, M. (2018). Social innovation - A future pathway for Blue growth? Marine Policy, 87, 363-370. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2017.10.008
Goddard, C. (2015, November 2). The ocean business: The rise of rhetoric of the blue economy. The Economist. Retrieved from http://www.theworldin.com/article/10625/ocean-business
UN (2014). World Urbanization Prospects. The 2014 Revision. Department of Economic and Social Affairs.
VUT (2019). Vienna University of Technology. Retrieved from http://www.smart-cities.eu/?cid=2&ver=4,21.11.2019
Żółciak, A. (2019). Życie za kołem podbiegunowym - Norylsk na zdjęciach Eleny Czernyszowej. Digital Camera Polska. Retrieved on November 16, 2019 from https://digitalcamerapolska.pl/inspiracje/1085-zycie-za-kolem-podbiegunowym-norylsk-na-zdjeciach-eleny-czernyszowej


Europa XXI



Start page:


End page:


Detailed Resource Type:



File size 1,4 MB ; application/octet-stream

Resource Identifier:

oai:rcin.org.pl:129279 ; 1429-7132 (print) ; 10.7163/Eu21.2019.36.7


CBGiOŚ. IGiPZ PAN, call nos.: Cz.6406, Cz.6407 ; click here to follow the link



Language of abstract:



Creative Commons Attribution BY 4.0 license

Terms of use:

Copyright-protected material. [CC BY 4.0] May be used within the scope specified in Creative Commons Attribution BY 4.0 license, full text available at: ; -

Digitizing institution:

Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Central Library of Geography and Environmental Protection. Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization PAS

Projects co-financed by:

Operational Program Digital Poland, 2014-2020, Measure 2.3: Digital accessibility and usefulness of public sector information; funds from the European Regional Development Fund and national co-financing from the state budget.



Object collections:

Last modified:

Oct 13, 2023

In our library since:

Jun 26, 2020

Number of object content downloads / hits:


All available object's versions:


Show description in RDF format:


Show description in RDFa format:


Show description in OAI-PMH format:


Edition name Date
Orłowski A., Szczerbicki E. : Smart Blue Cities Oct 13, 2023

Objects Similar



Citation style:

This page uses 'cookies'. More information