Climatic fluctuation and the archaeological record during the last 15,000 years – selected data from Central Europe and North Africa
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This publication is protected and can be accessed only from certain IPs.

Title: Climatic fluctuation and the archaeological record during the last 15,000 years – selected data from Central Europe and North Africa


Stankowski, Wojciech

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Archaeologia Polona Vol. 49 (2011-2013)


Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology Polish Academy of Sciences

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ill. ; 24 cm

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The overriding feature of the climate is its global variability expressed by fluctuations in tem-perature and humidity expressed individually at various latitudes. In high and medium latitudes they are reflected by extensive rhythms of the warmer/“calido” and colder/“frigido” phases. In low latitudes, predominantly in tropical zone, the changes of the climate are expressed mostly by pluvial and interpluvial rhythms. The paper concerns climatic variability during the last 20,000 thousand years based on two case studies: central Europe and North-East Africa. Archaeological context is also taken into consideration. The initiation and the development of the civilization in the late Quaternary in these areas was characterized by diverse dynamics. Intensive migration of people took place in North Africa over the last 15,000 years, during periods of high humidity. In the central European Lowlands, however, periglacial conditions prevailed, and in northern Europe an ice sheet still existed, making human activity very difficult or even impossible. The “Neolithic revolution” also took place earlier in Africa, with settled life and the first domestication of animals taking place there before 10,000 years BP. In the central European Lowlands this happened about 4–5 thousand years later. Finale it can be stated, that favourable climate and environment conditions, gave both these areas an impetus for the development of the past civilization


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Archaeologia Polona



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IAiE PAN, call no. P 357 ; IAiE PAN, call no. P 358 ; IAiE PAN, call no. P 356 ; click here to follow the link




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