Object structure

Accessibility patterns: Finland case study


Europa XXI 24 (2013)


Kotavaara, Ossi ; Antikainen, Harri ; Rusanen, Jarmo



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29 cm

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Subject and Keywords:

accessibility ; transport infrastructure ; accessibility pattern ; TEN-T ; GIS ; raster approach ; Finland


1. Biosca O., Spiekermann K., Stępniak M., 2013. Transport accessibility at regional scale, EUROPAXXI, vol. 24, pp. 5-17.
http://dx.doi.org/10.7163/Eu21.2013.24.1 -
2. European Commission, 2011. Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on Union Guidelines for the Development of the Trans-European Transport Network.COM(2011) 650/2. http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:52011PC0650R(01):EN: NOT [25 September 2013].
3. Finnish Environment Institute, 2012. Aluetypologia – kaupungin ja maaseudun paikkatietoperusteinen aluerajaus, alueluokituksen kommentointi.
4. Finnish Transport Agency, 2012. Hankeet. http://portal.liikennevirasto.fi/sivu/www/f/hankkeet [25 September 2013].
5. Huotari T., Antikainen H., Pukkinen M., Rusanen J., 2012. Synnytyspäivystyksen ja erikoissairaanhoidon palveluiden saavutettavuus. Sosiaali-ja terveysministeriön raportteja ja muistiota, 2012:29, Ministry of Social Affairs and Health.
6. Huotari T., Antikainen H., Rusanen J., 2013. Perusterveydenhuollon ympärivuorokautisten päivystyspisteiden saavutettavuus. Sosiaali-ja terveysministeriön raportteja ja muistioita, 2013:27, Ministry of Social Affairs and Health.
7. Kotavaara O., Antikainen H., Rusanen J., 2011a. Population change and accessibility by road and rail networks: GIS and statistical approach to Finland 1970–2007. Journal of Transport Geography 19, pp. 926–935.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2010.10.013 -
8. Kotavaara O., Antikainen H., Rusanen J., 2011b. Urbanization and transportation in Finland, 1880-1970: A GIS analysis. Journal of Interdisciplinary History 42, pp. 89–109.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1162/JINH_a_00206 -
9. Kotavaara O., Antikainen H., Marmion M., Rusanen J., 2012. Scale in the effect of accessibility on population change: GIS and a statistical approach to road, air and rail accessibility in Finland, 1990–2008. The Geographical Journal 178, pp. 366–382.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4959.2012.00460.x -
10. Liikenne- javiestintäministeriö, 2012. Kilpailukykyä ja hyvinvointia vastuullisella liikenteellä. Valtioneuvoston liikennepoliittinen selonteko eduskunnalle 2012. http://www.hare.vn.fi/upload/Julkaisut/17748/670671812912207.PDF [25 September 2013].
11. Ministry of the environment, 2006. Competitiveness, welfare and eco-efficiency.Perspectives for spatial structure and land use in Finland. The Finnish Environment.
12. Rusanen J., Muilu T., Colpaert A., Naukkarinen, A., 2003. Georeferenced data as a tool for monitoring the concentration of population in Finland in 1970–1980. Fennia 181, pp. 129–144.
13. Salonen M., Toivonen T., 2013. Modelling travel time in urban networks: comparable measures for private car and public transport. Journal of Transport Geography 31, pp. 143-153.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2013.06.011 -
14. Statistics Finland, 2011. Grid Database. http://www.stat.fi/tup/ruututietokanta/index_en.html [25 September 2013].
15. Statistics Finland, 2012a. Työssäkäynti http://pxweb2.stat.fi/database/StatFin/vrm/tyokay/tyokay_fi.asp [25 September 2013]
16. Statistics Finland, 2012b. Labour Market, Population by activity, Unemployment. http://www.stat.fi/tup/suoluk/suoluk_tyoelama_en.html [25 September 2013].
17. Statistics Finland, 2012c. Maakuntienpinta-ala, väestö ja bruttokansantuote (NUTS 3). http://www.stat.fi/tup/suoluk/suoluk_vaesto.html [25 September 2013].
18. TEN-T Executive Agency, 2012. TEN-T Projects by Country, Finland. http://tentea.ec.europa.eu/en/ten-t_projects/ten-t_projects_by_country/finland.htm [25 September 2013].
19. Ylipiessa K., Hyvönen A.-S., 2012. Lapin joukkoliikenteen palvelutaso 2012–2016. Lapin elinkeino-, liikenne- jaympäristökeskus, Centre for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment, http://www.doria.fi/bitstream/handle/10024/84789/Raportteja_47_2012.pdf?sequence=1 [25 September 2013].


Europa XXI



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File size 4,7 MB ; application/pdf

Resource Identifier:

1429-7132 ; 10.7163/Eu21.2013.24.8


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Copyright-protected material. May be used within the limits of statutory user freedoms

Digitizing institution:

Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Central Library of Geography and Environmental Protection. Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization PAS

Projects co-financed by:

European Union. European Regional Development Fund ; Programme Innovative Economy, 2010-2014, Priority Axis 2. R&D infrastructure





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