Object structure

Ferruginous red micro-artefacts as a source of archaeological information: a study of selected Palaeolithic sites and experimental research = Czerwone proszki żelaziste jako źródło informacji archeologicznej — na podstawie wybranych stanowisk paleolitycznych i badań eksperymentalnych


Sprawozdania Archeologiczne 64 (2012)


Trąbska, Joanna


Instytut Archeologii i Etnologii Polskiej Akademii Nauk

Place of publishing:


Date issued/created:



ill. ; 25 cm

Type of object:


Subject and Keywords:

hematite ; ochre ; provenance ; processing ; Palaeolithic ; research ; archaeometry ; SEM/EDS ; XRD ; Raman spectroscopy ; FTIR


Red, cherry, orange, yellow and pink ferruginous powders have long been observed on Palaeolithic sites along with solid objects of similar material, which used to be labelled as “ochre” or “haematite”. Artefacts below 5 mm in size can carry abundant information on their provenance and processing (mixing with binders, heating, manufacturing with bone and flint tools, rubbing). Powders from selected Palaeolithic sites (Dzierżysław-35, Wierzawice, Michałów-Piaska, Klissoura, Gönnersdorf, Dolní Vĕstonice, Stadice, Monruz) were examined with X-ray diffraction, scanning microscopy, micro-chemical analysis, Raman spectroscopy and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy. A database of raw materials and archaeological ferruginous objects is under construction


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IAiE PAN, call no. P 244 ; IAiE PAN, call no. P 243 ; IAiE PAN, call no. P 245 ; click here to follow the link




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Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

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