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In this study, we estimate both exposure and emission-to-exposure relationships for several air pollutants and for four different emissions source categories in Warsaw, Poland. The emission-to-exposure relationship was illustrated by using the intake fraction (iF) concept. The exposure and iFs were predicted for primary particulate matter (PPM), nitrogen oxides (NOx), sulfur dioxide (SO2), Benso [a] Pyren (BaP), nickel (Ni), cadmium (Cd), and lead (Pb). The dispersion of pollutants was forecasted with CALPUFF dispersion model and by using the year 2005 meteorological data. The emission uncertainties were propagated through the dispersion model with the Monte Carlo techniques. The exposure and iFs were calculated by combining the population data with the predicted annual average air pollution concentrations.
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Projects co-financed by:
Operational Program Digital Poland, 2014-2020, Measure 2.3: Digital accessibility and usefulness of public sector information; funds from the European Regional Development Fund and national co-financing from the state budget.