RCIN and OZwRCIN projects


Title: Overestimating the role of tourism in rural areas on the example of selected regions in Poland and Croatia


Cerić, Denis

Date issued/created:


Resource type:



Studia Obszarów Wiejskich = Rural Studies, t. 43



Place of publishing:



24 cm

Type of object:



Rural tourism is often found as a solution for all problems or difficulties for the structural problems of rural areas. Many local strategies of the rural areas have included development of tourism as one of their main goals and as a result various financial programs were prepared and conducted in order to support development of tourism. Despite of some positive changes, the results in general are not satisfying. Based on scientific literature and statistical data, the paper is critically examining the role of tourism in rural areas on the example of rural municipalities in selected EU NUTS-2 regions in Poland and Croatia. The role of tourism is researched through the change of the tourist density ratio and the tourist intensity rate indexes, which are calculated for every single municipality of the researched area for 2004 and 2013. Despite significant governmental and local initiatives, minor positive changes of measured tourist indexes that occurred in rural areas made the author argue how the potential socio-economic role of tourism in rural areas is fairly overestimated. The purpose of this paper is to provoke scientific discussion on artificial developing of tourism in rural areas which are not pre-determined for tourism.


1. Adamowicz J., 2010, Towards synergy between tourism and nature conservation. The challenge for the rural regions: The case of Drawskie Lake district, Poland, European Countryside, 2 (3), pp. 118–131, DOI: 10.2478/v10091–010–0009–1.
2. Augustyn M., 1998, National strategies for rural tourism development and sustainability: the Polish experience, Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 6 (3), pp. 191–209.
3. Baležentis T., Kriščiukaitienė I., Baležentis A., Garland R., 2012, Rural tourism development in Lithuania (2003–2010) – A quantitative analysis, Tourism Management Perspectives, 2–3, pp. 1–6, DOI: 10.1016/j.tmp.2012.01.001.
4. Bank Danych Lokalnych, 2015, (obtained from: http://stat.gov.pl/bdl/, 13.07.2015)
5. Bański J., 2003, Transforming the functional structure of Poland's rural areas, [in:] J. Bański and J. Owsiński (eds.), Alternatives for European Rural Areas, European Rural Development Network, Warsaw, pp. 19–37.
6. Baum S., 2011, The Tourist Potential of Rural Areas in Poland, Eastern European Countryside, 17, pp. 107–135, DOI: 10.2478/v10130–011–0006-z.
7. Butler R., Hall C.M., Jenkins J., 1998, Tourism and Recreation in Rural Areas, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester.
8. Cawley M., Gillmor D.A., 2008, Integrated Rural Tourism: Concepts and Practice, Annals of Tourism Research, 35 (2), pp. 316–337, DOI: 10.1016/j.annals.2007.07.011.
9. Demonja D., 2014, The Overview and Analysis of the State of Rural Tourism in Croatia, Sociologija i prostor, 52, 198,1, pp. 69–90, DOI: 10.5673/sip.52.1.4.
10. Dissart J.C., Vollet D., Poulhès O., Mallebay M., 2009, The landscape: a regional development factor that spurs territory – specific economic flows, Cemagref, FR, 1st International Conference on Landscape Economics, Vienna.
11. Državni zavod za statistiku, 2015, (obtained from: http://www.dzs.hr/, 17.07.2015).
12. Hall D., Roberts L., Mitchell M., 2003, New Directions in Rural Tourism, Ashgate, Aldershot.
13. Ilbery B., 1998, The Geography of Rural Change, Longman, Harlow.
14. Kozak M.W., 2006, Rola agroturystyki w rozwoju obszarów wiejskich. Stan i rekomendacje, Ekspertyza dla Ministerstwa Rozwoju Wsi i Rolnictwa, Warszawa.
15. Krajnović A., Čičin-Šajn D., Predovan M., 2011, Strateško upravljanje razvojem ruralnog turizma – problemi i smjernice, Oeconomica Jadertina, 1, pp. 30–45.
16. Látková P., Vogt C.A., 2011, Residents' Attitudes toward Existing and Future Tourism Development in Rural Communities, Journal of Travel Research, 51 (1), pp. 50–67, DOI: 10.1177/0047287510394193.
17. Lukić A., 2013, Tourism, farm diversification and plurality of rurality: Case study of Croatia, European Countryside, 4, pp. 356–376, DOI: 10.2478/euco-2013–0023.
18. Marciszewska B., 2006, Tourism in Poland: Changes in Policy, Management and Education, [in:] D. Hall, M. Smith and B. Marciszewska (eds.), Tourism in the New Europe, Wallingford: CABI, pp. 127–36.
19. Mišćin L., Mađer B., 2008, Aktualno stanje turizma na ruralnom prostoru Hrvatske 2008, Hrvatska gospodarska komora, Sektor za turizam, Zagreb, (obtained from: http://hgk.biznet.hr/hgk/fileovi/13081.ppt, 12.01.2016).
20. Nowaczek A.M.K., Fennell D.A., 2002, Ecotourism in post-communist Poland, Tourism Geographies, 4 (4), pp. 372–95.
21. Program rozwoju turystyki do 2020 roku, 2015, Ministerstwo Sportu i Turystyki, Warszawa, (obtained from: http://visitinowroclaw.pl/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/PROGRAM_ROZWOJU_TURYSTYKI_DO_2020_ROKU.pdf, 21.03.2016).
22. Sharpley R., 2002, Rural tourism and the challenge of tourism diversification: the case of Cyprus, Tourism Management, 23 (3), pp. 233–244, DOI: 10.1016/S0261–5177 (01)00078–4.
23. Strategija razvoja hrvatskog turizma do 2010. godine, 2003, Ministarstvo turizma, Zagreb, (obtained from: http://www.mint.hr/UserDocsImages/Strategija%20hrvatskog%20turizma%20-%20finalna%20verzija.pdf, 21.03.2016).
24. Strategija razvoja turizma Republike Hrvatske do 2020. godine, 2013, Vlada Republike Hrvatske, Zagreb, (obtained from: http://www.mint.hr/UserDocsImages/130426-Strategija-turizam-2020. pdf, 21.03.2016).
25. Szwichtenberg A., 2009, Activation of the Polish coastal tourist reception region using the instrument of a public-private partnership, Tourism, 19 (1–2), pp. 77–82.
26. Więckowski M., Michniak D., Bednarek-Szczepańska M., Chrenka B., Ira V., Komornicki T., Rosik P., Stępniak M., Székely V., Śleszyński P., Świątek D., Wiśniewski R., 2014, Road accessibility to tourist destinations of Polish-Slovak borderland: 2010–20130 prediction and planning, Geographia Polonica, 87 (1), pp. 5–26, DOI: 10.7163/GPol.2014.1
27. Wilson S., Fesenmaier D.R., Fesenmaier J., Van Es J.C., 2001, Factors for Success in Rural Tourism Development, Journal of Travel Research, 40 (2), pp.132–138, DOI: 10.1177/004728750104000203.
28. Woods M., 2005, Rural Geography: Processes, Responses and Experiences in Rural Restructuring, Sage, London.
29. Wyrzykowski J., 2000, Conditions of Foreign Tourism Development in Central and Eastern Europe, [in:] J. Wyrzykowski (ed.), Changes in model of tourism in the last decade, Zakład Geografii Regionalnej i Turystyki, Wrocław, pp. 93–112.


Studia Obszarów Wiejskich



Start page:


End page:


Detailed Resource Type:



File size 0,8 MB ; application/pdf

Resource Identifier:

oai:rcin.org.pl:61815 ; 1642-4689 ; 10.7163/SOW.43.5


CBGiOŚ. IGiPZ PAN, call no. Cz.4488 ; CBGiOŚ. IGiPZ PAN, call no. Cz.4489 ; click here to follow the link



Language of abstract:



Creative Commons Attribution BY 3.0 PL license

Terms of use:

Copyright-protected material. [CC BY 3.0 PL] May be used within the scope specified in Creative Commons Attribution BY 3.0 PL license, full text available at:

Digitizing institution:

Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Central Library of Geography and Environmental Protection. Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization PAS

Projects co-financed by:

European Union. European Regional Development Fund ; Programme Innovative Economy, 2010-2014, Priority Axis 2. R&D infrastructure



Object collections:

Last modified:

Oct 2, 2020

In our library since:

Mar 9, 2017

Number of object content hits:


All available object's versions:


Show description in RDF format:


Show description in OAI-PMH format:





Citation style:

This page uses 'cookies'. More information