Object structure

Three decades of economic changes of rural Slovakia


Europa XXI 44 (2023)


Novotný, Ladislav : Autor Affiliation ORCID ; Kulla, Marián : Autor Affiliation ORCID ; Dická, Janetta Nestorová : Autor Affiliation ORCID ; Pregi, Loránt : Autor Affiliation ORCID



Place of publishing:


Date issued/created:



29 cm

Subject and Keywords:

employment ; post-socialist economy ; sectoral structure ; rural areas ; rural regions ; Slovakia


The economy has been developing exceptionally dynamically in recent decades. In the Central European countries of the former Eastern Bloc, the transformation from a centrally planned to a market economy contributed to these dynamics after 1989. Despite a large number of analyses at the national level or in particular cities, the impact of this development on rural areas has yet to be researched. This study aims to contribute to filling this gap. Its goal is to estimate and assess the development of the number, spatial distribution, and sectoral structure of jobs in the Slovak rural areas over the period 1991-2021. The study uses two approaches to the definition of rural municipalities and explores spatial differentiation of changes. Analysing data on the economically active population and commuting to work, both based on sectoral structure, provides a reliable basis for making qualified estimates regarding the quantity and composition of jobs, even at the local level. The study confirms that municipalities considered rural administratively showed neutral or positive changes in the number of jobs and strong shift from agricultural to diversified rural economy. However, positive changes were mainly driven by suburban areas. When excluding them from consideration, rural municipalities show a rapid decline in the number of jobs and changes in the sectoral structure driven mainly by the decrease in agricultural jobs.


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Europa XXI



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1429-7132 (print) ; 2300-8547 (online) ; 10.7163/Eu21.2023.44.7


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Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization of the Polish Academy of Sciences

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Central Library of Geography and Environmental Protection. Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization PAS

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European Union. European Regional Development Fund ; Programme Innovative Economy, 2010-2014, Priority Axis 2. R&D infrastructure





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