The European Union’s strategic priorities for the post-2020 period – focused on areas such as globalization, demography, migration, climate change, security and defense, employment and digitalization of the economy and society – pose relevant challenges as to the feasibility of its territorialization conditions and how to ensure operationalization at regional and local levels. As the EU prepares to implement the Cohesion Policy 2021-2027 and draw up the Territorial Agenda 2030, it also seeks to relaunch the EU policy framework in areas such as sustainable development, artificial intelligence and reindustrialization, examples of which are: European Green Deal, EU Circular Economy Action Plan and EU Digital Strategy. The current context of the COVID-19 pandemic has, however, forced a refocusing of the intervention priorities, at least in the short term, in the need to respond to the urgent economic, social and public health challenges caused by the pandemic. This article seeks to analyse, on the one hand, how the European policy cycle has adapted to respond to the pandemic, and on the other, the extent to which the place-based approach, one of the central operating rationales of the 2014-2020 financial perspective, may see its role strengthened and its performance extended as a consequence of the changes introduced in the current phase of the policy cycle due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The analysis carried out led to concluding that the current context of COVID-19 is implying the redesign of many of the Union’s public policy instruments and reordering some of the current strategic priorities. It is also changing the conditions of resilience and competitiveness of territories, whereby the place-based approach seems to be a public policy instrument especially suited to the process of economic and social recovery at the local and regional level.
Agnoletti, M., Manganelli, S., & Piras, F. (2020). Covid-19 and rural landscape: The case of Italy. Landspace and Urban Planning, 204, 103955. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2020.103955
AP (2018). Setting the Course for the future of Territorial and Urban Policies at European level. Background Paper for the DG Seminar on 13th November 2018, Vienna, under the Austrian EU Presidency. Retrieved from https://www.oerok.gv.at/fileadmin/user_upload/Bilder/2.Reiter-Raum_u._Region/4.Europ-Raumentwicklung/2019_Dokumente_EU_Ratsvorsitz/EU_Vorsitz_2018_zu_TA_UA_GD-Seminar_am_13-11-18_Background_Paper.pdf
Arborino, R., & Di Caro, P. (2020). Can the EU funds promote regional resilience at time of Covid19? Insights from the Great Recession. Journal of Policy Modeling. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpolmod.2020.10.001
Barca, F. (2009). An Agenda For A Reformed Cohesion Policy.A place-based approach to meeting European Union challenges and expectations. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/archive/policy/future/pdf/report_barca_v0306.pdf
Barca, F., McCann, P., & Rodríguez-Pose, A. (2012). The Case for Regional Development Intervention: Place-Based versus Place-Neutral Approaches. Journal of Regional Science, 52(1), 134-152. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9787.2011.00756.x
Bentley, G., & Puglis, L. (2014). Shifting paradigms: People-centred models, active regional development, space-blind policies and place-based approaches. Local Economy, 29(4-5), 283-294. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269094214541355
Blomi, V., & Erlich, M. (2020). On Optimal Design of Place Based Policies: A structural evaluation of EU regional transfers. Journal of International Economics, 125, 103319. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jinteco.2020.103319
CEAP (2020). Additional tools. EU Circular Economy Action Plan. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/environment/circular-economy/
Celata, F., & Coletti, R. (2014). Place-based strategies or territorial cooperation? Regional development in transnational perspective in Italy. Local Economy, 29(4-5), 394-411. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269094214533903
Ciampi Stancova, K. (2020). Science Technology and Innovation for Sustainable Development Goals: Smart Specialisation and transnational partnerships. Paper presented at SMARTER 2020 Conference Webinar Series - Conference on Smart Specialisation and Territorial Development: Connecting grand societal challenges with local goals in place-based innovation policy (10 November 2020). Retrived from https://s3platform.jrc.ec.europa.eu/-/smarter-2020-conference-3d-webinar-smart-specialisation-for-sustainable-development-goals?inheritRedirect=true
Conte, A., Lecca, P., Sakkas, S., & Salotti, S. (2020). The territorial economic impact of COVID-19 in the EU. A RHOMOLO Analysis. Territorial Development Insights Series, JRC121261. Seville: European Commission. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/jrc/sites/jrcsh/files/jrc121261.pdf
Council (2020). Special European Council, 17-21 July 2020. Retrieved from https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/meetings/european-council/2020/07/17-21/
DS2019-2024 (2020). Priority. A Europe fit for the digital age. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/info/strategy/priorities-2019-2024/europe-fit-digital-age_en
EC (2018). European Commission Digital Strategy. A digitally transformed, user-focused and data-driven Commission. COM(2018) 7118 final. Brussels: European Commission.
EC (2019). The European Green Deal. COM(2019) 640 final. Brussels: European Commission.
EC (2019). Annual Sustainable Growth Strategy 2020. COM(2019) 650 final. Brussels: European Commission.
EC (2020). A new Circular Economy Action Plan For a cleaner and more competitive Europe. COM(2020) 98 final. Brussels: European Commission.
EC (2020). 2020 European Semester: Spring Package. European Commission Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/info/publications/2020-european-semester-spring-package_en
EC (2020). 2020 European Semester: Country-specific recommendations. COM(2020) 500 final. Brussels: European Commission.
EC (2020). Europe's moment: Repair and Prepare for the Next Generation. COM(2020) 456 final. Brussels: European Commission.
EC (2020). Regional Development and Cohesion Policy beyond 2020: The New Framework at a glance. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/en/2021_2027/
EC (2020). The EU Budget Powering the Recovery Plan for Europe. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/factsheet_1_en.pdf
EC (2020). A European roadmap to lifting coronavirus containment measures. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/factsheet-lifting-containment-measures_en.pdf
EC (2020). Pan-European Hackathon: EU Vs Virus Challenge. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/eip/ageing/events/pan-european-hackathon-eu-vs-virus-challenge_en
EC (2020). Commission presents European Skills Agenda for sustainable competitiveness, social fairness and resilience. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/IP_20_1196
EC (2020). Cohesion policy action against coronavirus. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/en/newsroom/coronavirus-response/
EC (2020). Europe's moment: Repair and prepare for the next generation. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_940
EC (2020). Fund for European Aid to the Most Deprived (FEAD). Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?catId=1089&langId=en
EC (2020). Cohesion Policy and EU Solidarity Fund contribute to the Coronavirus Response Investment Initiative. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/en/newsroom/news/2020/03/16-03-2020-cohesion-policy-and-eu-solidarity-fund-contribute-to-the-coronavirus-response-investment-initiative
EC (2020). Coronavirus Response Investment Initiative Plus: New actions to mobilise essential investments and resources. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/en/newsroom/news/2020/04/04-02-2020-coronavirus-response-investment-initiative-plus-new-actions-to-mobilise-essential-investments-and-resources
EDS (2020). The European Digital Strategy. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/content/european-digital-strategy
ESM (2020). ESM Pandemic Crisis Support. Retrieved from https://www.esm.europa.eu/content/europe-response-corona-crisis
EU (2020). Re-open EU. Retrieved from https://reopen.europa.eu/
Eurostat (2020). Sustainable development in the European Union Monitoring report on progress towards the SDGs in an EU context. 2020 edition. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. https://doi.org/10.2785/555257
Gianelle, C., Guzzo, F., & Mieszkowski, K. (2020). Smart Specialisation: what gets lost in translation from concept to practice? Regional Studies, 54(10), 1377-1388. https://doi.org/10.1080/00343404.2019.1607970
Gianelle, C., Kyriakou, D., McCann, P., & Morgan, K. (2020). Smart Specialisation on the move: reflections on six years of implementation and prospects for the future. Regional Studies, 54(10), 1323-1327. https://doi.org/10.1080/00343404.2020.1817364
Glaeser, E., & Gottlieb, J. (2008). The Economics of Place-Making Policies. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 39(1), 155-253.
Guastella, G., & Timpano, F. (2016). Knowledge, innovation, agglomeration and regional convergence in the EU: motivating place-based regional intervention. Review of Regional Research, 36, 121-143. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10037-015-0104-x
Horlings, L. G., Roep, D., & Wellbrock, W. (2018).The role of leadership in place-based development and building institutional Arrangements. Local Economy, 33(3), 245-268. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269094218763050
Hurley, J., Fernández-Macías, E., Bisello, M., Vacas, C., & Fana, M. (2019). European Jobs Monitor 2019: Shifts in the employment structure at regional level. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. Retrieved from https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/publications/report/2019/european-jobs-monitor-2019-shifts-in-the-employment-structure-at-regional-level
Jia, J., Ma, G., Qin, C., & Wang, L. (2020). Place-based Policies, State-led Industrialisation and Regional Development: Evidence from China's Great Western Development Program. European Economic Review, 123, 103398 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.euroecorev.2020.103398
von der Leyen, U. (2019). A Union that strives for more. My agenda for Europe. Political Guidelines for the Next European Commission 2019-2024. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/commission/sites/beta-political/files/political-guidelines-next-commission_en.pdf
von der Leyen, U. (2019, November 2019). Speech in the European Parliament Plenary Session. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/pt/speech_19_6408
Logan, J. R., & Molotch, H. L. (1987). Urban Fortunes: The Political Economy of Place. Berkeley, CA: The University of California Press.
Magro, E., & Wilson, J. (2019). Policy-mix Evaluation: Governance Challenges from Placed-Based Innovation Policies. Research Policy, 48(10), 103612. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2018.06.010
McCann, P., & Ortega-Argilés, P. (2016). Smart Specialisation: Insights from the EU Experience and Implications for Other Economies. Investigaciones Regionales - Journal of Regional Research, 36, 279-293.
Medeiros, E., Guillermo Ramírez, M., Ocskay, G., & Peyrony, J. (2020). Covidfencing effects on cross-border deterritorialism: the case of Europe. European Planning Studies, 1-21. https://doi.org/10.1080/09654313.2020.1818185
Morgan, K., & Jones, I. R. (2019). Foundational economy (as if people and places really matter). Presentation at UK2070 Commission: Wales Stakeholder Event (14 June 2019). Retrived from https://wiserd.ac.uk/news/foundational-economy-presentation-uk2070-commission-event
Neto, P. (1999). A Integração Espacial, Economias de Rede e Inovação [Spatial Integration, Network Economies and Innovation]. Lisboa: Instituto Piaget.
Neto, P. (2020). O Orçamento de Estado para 2020 e as Políticas Públicas. Presentation at Conferência no âmbito da 15ª Conferência Anual da Ordem dos Economistas, 'O Orçamento de Estado para 2020' (15 January 2020).
Neto, P. (2020). Bringing People Back to the Center of Public Policies. Economic and Political Dynamics Emerging from the Covid-19 Pandemic. Paper presented at International Colloquium on Politics and Pandemics: transdisciplinary views on dilemmas of the Earthly City (4-6 November 2020).
Neto, P., & Santos, A. (2020). Guidelines for Territorial Impact Assessment applied to Regional Research and Innovation Strategies for Smart Specialisation. In E., Medeiros (Ed.). Territorial Impact Assessment (pp. 211-230). Berlin: Springer.
Neto, P., Serrano, M. M., & Santos, A. (2018). Renewed challenges for public policies in post-2020 Cohesion Policy: From RIS3 to RIS4 and a new social dimension for smart specialisation. Public Policy Portuguese Journal, 3(1), 8-26.
Neumark, D., & Simpson, H. (2015). Place-Based Policies. In G., Duraton, J. V., Henderson & W., Strange (Eds.). Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics (vol. 5, pp. 1197-1287). Amsterdam: Elsevier.
OECD (2020). From Pandemic to Recovery: Local employment and economic development. OECD Tackling Coronavirus (COVID-19): Contributing to a Global Effort. Paris: OECD Publishing. Retrieved from http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/policy-responses/from-pandemic-to-recovery-local-employment-and-economic-development-879d2913/
OECD (2020). The Territorial Impact of COVID-19: Managing the crisis across levels of governments. OECD Tackling Coronavirus (COVID-19): Contributing to a Global Effort. Paris: OECD Publishing. Retrieved from http://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/policy-responses/the-territorial-impact-of-covid19-managing-the-crisis-across-levels-of-government-d3e314e1/
OECD (2020). OECD Employment Outlook 2020: Worker Security and the COVID-19 Crisis. Paris: OECD Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1787/1686c758-en
Partridge, M. D., Rickman, D. S., Rose Olfert, M., & Tan, Y. (2013). When Spatial Equilibrium Fails: Is Place-Based Policy Second Best? Regional Studies, 49(8), 1303-1325. https://doi.org/10.1080/00343404.2013.837999
TA2030 (2020). Territorial Agenda 2030. A future for all places. Retrieved from https://www.territorialagenda.eu/home.html
TA2030A (2020). Actions putting the Territorial Agenda into practice. Retrieved from https://www.territorialagenda.eu/actions.html
Tomaney, J. (2010). Place-Based Approaches to Regional Development: Global Trends and Australian Implications. Sydney: Australian Business Foundation. Retrived from http://alstonvillewollongbar.com.au/members/Library/Documentation/2014/Place_based_competitiveness_australia.pdf
Trippl, M., Zukauskaite, E., & Healy, A. (2020). Shaping smart specialization: the role of place-specific factors in advanced, intermediate and less-developed European regions. Regional Studies, 54(10), 1328-1340. https://doi.org/10.1080/00343404.2019.1582763
Varga, A. (2017). Place-based, Spatially Blind, or Both? Challenges in Estimating the Impacts of Modern Development Policies: The Case of the GMR Policy Impact Modeling Approach. International Regional Science Review, 40(1), 12-37. https://doi.org/10.1177/0160017615571587
Veldhuizen, C. (2020). Smart Specialisation as a Transition Management Framework: Driving sustainability-focused regional innovation policy? Research Policy, 49(6), 103982. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2020.103982
Operational Program Digital Poland, 2014-2020, Measure 2.3: Digital accessibility and usefulness of public sector information; funds from the European Regional Development Fund and national co-financing from the state budget.
May 12, 2021
May 11, 2021
Więckowski, Marek (1971– )
Goschin, Zizi Constantin, Daniela-Luminita
Stępień, Joanna Michalski, Tomasz Grabowski, Jakub Waszak, Przemysław Grabkowska, Maja Macul, Aleksandra Rojek, Jakub Jan
Parysek, Jerzy J. Mierzejewska, Lidia