Object structure


Regionalisation of needs to reduce GHG emission from agriculture in Poland


Geographia Polonica Vol. 93 No. 3 (2020)


Kistowski, Mariusz (1963– ) : Autor ORCID ; Wiśniewski, Paweł : Autor ORCID



Place of publishing:


Date issued/created:



24 cm

Type of object:


Subject and Keywords:

agriculture ; rural areas ; mitigation of GHG emissions ; Polish communes ; low-carbon economy


An important element in the local shaping of a low-carbon economy, as well as one of the key areas of activity in communal plans for its development should be rural areas and their related agricultural activities. This is due on the one hand to the significant share of agriculture in total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in Poland (on average about 8%, locally as much as 20-50%), and on the other hand to the high potential of rural areas to use their resources to increase carbon sequestration in biomass and soil, reduce GHG emissions, as well as use agricultural activity for the development of renewable energy. The paper, based on the results of mathematical modelling of GHG emission from agricultural sources in all Polish communes, attempts to regionalize the needs of integrating agriculture and rural areas into the development of low-carbon economy at the local level. For this purpose, the guiding factors for regionalisation of the needs for mitigation actions were determined, and a regionalisation of these needs as well as a typology of the distinguished regions were, consequently, developed. The regions with the most urgent needs for mitigation actions were indicated, as well as the directions of mitigation actions for particular types of regions.


Bennetzen, E.H., Smith, P., Porter, J.R. (2016). Decoupling of greenhouse gas emissions from global agricultural production: 1970-2050. Global Change Biology, 22, 763-781. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.13120
Blanco-Canqui, H. (2016). Growing dedicated energy crops on marginal lands and ecosystem services. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 80(4), 845-858. https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2016.03.0080
Borrelli, P., Paustian, K., Panagos, P., Jones, A., Schütt, B., Lugato, E. (2016). Effect of good agricultural and environmental conditions on erosion and soil organic carbon balance: A national case study. Land Use Policy, 50, 408-421. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2015.09.033
Case, S.D.C., Oelofse, M., Hou, Y., Oenema, O., Jensen, L.S. (2017). Farmer perceptions and use of organic waste products as fertilisers - A survey study of potential benefits and barriers. Agricultural Systems, 151, 84-95. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agsy.2016.11.012
Cong, W.F., Hoffland, E., Li, L., Janssen, B.H., Van Der Werf, W. (2015). Intercropping affects the rate of decomposition of soil organic matter and root litter. Plant and Soil, 391(1-2), 399-411. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-015-2433-5
Davis, S.C., Parton, W.J., Dohleman, F.G., Smith, C.M., Del Grosso, S., Kent, A.D., DeLucia, E.H. (2010). Comparative biogeochemical cycles of bioenergy crops reveal nitrogen-fixation and low greenhouse gas emissions in a Miscanthus × giganteus agro-ecosystem. Ecosystems, 13(1), 144-156. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-009-9306-9
Gaczek, W.M., Helpa, M., Kasprzyk, A. (1980). Niehierarchiczna analiza skupień - nowa metoda klasyfikacji zjawisk społeczno-gospodarczych. Ruch Prawniczy, Ekonomiczny i Socjologiczny, 42(2), 143-162.
Gelfand, I., Zenone, T., Jasrotia, P., Chen, J., Hamilton, S.K., Robertson, G.P. (2011). Carbon debt of Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) grasslands converted to bioenergy production. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 108(33), 13864-13869. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1017277108
Instytut na Rzecz Ekorozwoju. (2015). Pilotażowy program niskowęglowego rozwoju powiatu starogardzkiego. Warszawa: Fundacja Instytut na rzecz Ekorozwoju.
IPCC. (2000). Good practice guidance and uncertainty management in National Greenhouse Gas Inventories. Hayama: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
IPCC. (2006). 2006 IPCC guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories. Hayama: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
IPCC. (2013). Climate change 2013. The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
Kisielińska, J. (2009). Bezwzorcowa klasyfikacja obiektów w ekonomice rolnictwa. Zeszyty Naukowe SGGW w Warszawie. Problemy Rolnictwa Światowego, 8(23), 104-115.
Kistowski, M., Myga-Piątek, U., Solon, J. (Eds.). (2018). Studia nad regionalizacją fizycznogeograficzną Polski. Prace Geograficzne, 266, Warszawa: Instytut Geografii i Przestrzennego Zagospodarowania im. Stanisława Leszczyckiego PAN.
KOBiZE. (2019). Poland's National Inventory Report 2019: Greenhouse Gas Inventory for 1988-2017. Warsaw: National Centre for Emission Management (KOBiZE).
Loyon, L., Burton, C.H., Misselbrook, T., Webb, J., Philippe, F.X., Aguilar, M., Doreau, M., Hassouna, M., Veldkamp, T., Dourmand, J.Y., Bonmati, A., Grimm, E., Sommer, S.G. (2016). Best available technology for European livestock farms: Availability, effectiveness and uptake. Journal of Environmental Management, 166, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2015.09.046
Nadeu, E., Gobin, A., Fiener, P., van Wesemael, B., van Oost, K. (2015). Modelling the impact of agricultural management on soil carbon stocks at the regional scale: The role of lateral fluxes. Global Change Biology, 21(8), 3181-3192. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.12889
Ossowska, L. (2006). Typologia funkcjonalna obszarów wiejskich Pomorza Środkowego. Roczniki Naukowe Stowarzyszenia Ekonomistów Rolnictwa i Agrobiznesu, 8(4), 254-257.
Przewoźniak, M. (1987). Podstawy geografii fizycznej kompleksowej. Gdańsk: Uniwersytet Gdański.
Richards, M.B., Wollenberg, E., Buglion-Gluck, S. (2015). Agriculture's contributions to national emissions. CCAFS Info Brief. Copenhagen: CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS). Retrieved from https://ccafs.cgiar.org/publications/agricultures-contribution-national-emissions#.XSmb7kHVLIU [13 July 2019].
Richling, A. (1976). Analiza i struktura środowiska geograficznego i nowa metoda regionalizacji fizycznogeograficznej (na przykładzie województwa białostockiego). Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego.
Rutkowski, T. (1982). Metody taksonometryczne w badaniach regionalnych. Ruch Prawniczy, Ekonomiczny i Socjologiczny, 44(2), 147-156.
Szczuciński, P. (2017). Analiza skupień w badaniu struktury funkcjonalnej gmin na przykładzie województwa lubuskiego. Turystyka i Rozwój Regionalny, 8, 105-114. https://doi.org/10.22630/tirr.2017.8.23
Wiśniewski, P. (2015). Rolnictwo i obszary wiejskie w lokalnym planowaniu gospodarki niskoemisyjnej na przykładzie powiatu starogardzkiego. Woda-Środowisko-Obszary Wiejskie, 15(4), 69-81.
Wiśniewski, P. (2018). Ocena wielkości emisji gazów cieplarnianych ze źródeł rolniczych na poziomie lokalnym w Polsce. Rocznik Ochrona Środowiska, 20, 1811-1829.
Wiśniewski, P., Kistowski, M. (2017). Agriculture and rural areas in the local planning of low carbon economy in light of the idea of sustainable development - results from a case study in north-central Poland. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 26(8), 4927-4935.
Wiśniewski, P., Kistowski, M. (2018). Assessment of greenhouse gas emissions from agricultural sources in order to plan for needs of low carbon economy at local level in Poland. Geografisk Tidsskrift-Danish Journal of Geography, 118(2), 123-136. https://doi.org/10.1080/00167223.2018.1436447
Wiśniewski, P., Kistowski, M. (2019). Local-level agricultural greenhouse gas emissions in Poland. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 28(3), 2255-2268.


Geographia Polonica





Start page:


End page:


Resource type:


Detailed Resource Type:


Resource Identifier:

0016-7282 ; 10.7163/GPol.0178


CBGiOS. IGiPZ PAN, call nos.: Cz.2085, Cz.2173, Cz.2406 ; click here to follow the link



Language of abstract:



Creative Commons Attribution BY 4.0 license

Terms of use:

Copyright-protected material. [CC BY 4.0] May be used within the scope specified in Creative Commons Attribution BY 4.0 license, full text available at:

Digitizing institution:

Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Central Library of Geography and Environmental Protection. Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization PAS

Projects co-financed by:

Operational Program Digital Poland, 2014-2020, Measure 2.3: Digital accessibility and usefulness of public sector information; funds from the European Regional Development Fund and national co-financing from the state budget.





Citation style: