Object structure

The Prehistoric Bedrock Quarries Occurring within the ChertBearing Carbonates of the Cambrian-Ordovician KittatinnySupergroup, Wallkill River Valley, Northwestern New Jersey-Southeastern New York, U.S.A.


Between History and Archaeology : papers in honour of Jacek Lech


LaPorta, Philip C. ; Minchak, Scott A. ; Brewer-LaPorta, Margaret C.


Archaeopress Archaeology

Place of publishing:

Oxford; England

Date issued/created:



ill. ; 29 cm

Type of object:


Subject and Keywords:

ore ; microlithon ; domain ; boudinage ; First Tectonic Cycle Quarry Model


Geologic and archaeologic field work in the Cambrian-Ordovician chert bearing carbonates of the Wallkill Valley (New York and New Jersey) has located greater than 800 prehistoric bedrock quarries. Detailed examination of quarry landscapes, as well as excavated quarry tailings, has elucidated an organization to quarry development controlled by tectonics, structural geology and stratigraphy of the raw material. Geological control impacts quarry development, types of quarry tools used, and manufacture of quarry products. A predictive model for prehistoric bedrock quarry development was proposed, which in turn allowed for a chain of operation that began at the quarry face and ended with the quarry product. The chain of operation fills in a void left by previous quarry studies that were unable to visualize the steps from extraction to workshop activity, and as such led to the dismissal of quarry tailings and artifacts due to mischaracterizations stemming from misunderstanding of geological controls on extraction


Agricola, G. 1950 [1556]. De Re Metallica. Translated by Herbert C. Hoover and Lou H. Hoover, New York, Dover Books
Amick, D. 1982. Topsy: Late Archaic Biface Manufacture on the Buffalo River, Southwestern Highland Rim, Tennessee, Knoxville, University of Tennessee
von Bernewitz, M. 1931. Handbook for Prospectors, New York, McGraw-Hill
Binford, L. and Quimby, G. 1963. Indian Sites and Chipped Stone Materials in the Northern Lake Michigan Area, Fieldiana 36, 277–307
Chatterjee, K. K. 1993. An Introduction to Mineral Economics, New Delhi, India, Wiley Eastern Limited
Church, T. 1994. Lithic Resource Studies: A Sourcebook for Archaeologists (Special Publication #3, Lithic Technology), Oklahoma, Department ofAnthropology, University of Tulsa
Crabtree, D. 1972. Introduction to Flintworking, Occasional Papers of the Idaho State Museum, No. 28, Pocatello, Idaho
De Sitter, L.U. 1956. Structural Geology, New York, McGraw-Hill
LaPorta, P. 1994. Lithostratigraphic Models and the Geographic Distribution of Prehistoric Chert Quarries within the Cambro-Ordovician Lithologies of the Great Valley Sequence, Sussex County, New Jersey. In C. Bergman and J. Doershuk, (eds), Recent Research into the Prehistory of the Delaware Valley,Journal of Middle Atlantic Archaeology 10, 47–66
LaPorta, P. 1996a. The Tenor of Ore. New York, Albany, Paper Presented at the First Appalachian Integrated Highland Conference
LaPorta, P. 1996b. Lithostratigraphy as a Predictive Tool for Prehistoric Quarry Investigations: Examples from Dutchess Quarry Site, Orange County, New York. In C. Lindner and E. Curtin (eds), A Golden Chronograph for Robert E. Funk, Occasional Publications in Northeastern Anthropology, No. 15, 47–66
LaPorta, P. 2005 A. Geological Model for the Development of Bedrock Quarries, with an Ethnoarchaeological Application. In P. Topping, and M. Lynott, editors, The Cultural Landscape of Prehistoric Mines, Oxford, Oxbow Books, 123–139
LaPorta, P. 2009. The Stratigraphy and Structure of the Cambrian and Ordovician Carbonates of the Wallkill River Valley: The Nature of the Diagenesis of Chert and Its Archaeological Potentia, Unpublished Ph.D. thesis,City University of New York
LaPorta, P., Minchak, S. and Brewer-LaPorta, M. 2007. Task Quarry Subdivisions of the First, Second, and Third Tectonic Cycles of Eastern North America, Abstract, Implement Petrology Group 2007 Conference, York,England, Paper Presented at the Conference
Munford, B. 1982. The Piney Branch Quarry Site: An Analysis of a Lithic Workshop in Washington, D.C., Unpublished M.A. thesis, George Washington University
Pryor, E. 1965. Mineral Processing, New York, Elsevier
Richards, R. 1903. Ore Dressing, New York, The Engineering and Mining Journal
Richards, R. and Locke, C. 1940. Textbook of Ore Dressing, New York, McGraw-Hill
Scholz, C. 2002. The Mechanics of Earthquakes and Faulting, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press
Simons, T. 1924. Ore Dressing: Principles and Practice, New York, McGraw-Hill
Tarr, W. A. 1930. Introductory Economic Geology, New York, McGraw-Hill
Whittaker, J. 1994. Flintknapping: Making and Understanding Stone Tools, Austin, University of Texas Press

Start page:


End page:


Resource type:


Detailed Resource Type:





Creative Commons Attribution BY-SA 3.0 PL license

Terms of use:

Copyright-protected material. [CC BY-SA 3.0 PL] May be used within the scope specified in Creative Commons Attribution BY-SA 3.0 PL license, full text available at: ; -

Digitizing institution:

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Library of the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Projects co-financed by:

Operational Program Digital Poland, 2014-2020, Measure 2.3: Digital accessibility and usefulness of public sector information; funds from the European Regional Development Fund and national co-financing from the state budget. ; European Union. European Regional Development Fund





Citation style: