RCIN and OZwRCIN projects

Object

Title: Women´s Work? Findings from the Neolithic Chert Mines in the ‘Krumlovský les’, South Moravia

Creator:

Oliva, Martin

Date issued/created:

2018

Resource type:

Text

Subtitle:

Between History and Archaeology : papers in honour of Jacek Lech

Publisher:

Archaeopress Archaeology

Place of publishing:

Oxford; England

Description:

ill. ; 29 cm

Type of object:

Book/Chapter

Abstract:

Krumlovský les revealed one of the largest mining fields in Europe dated from the Mesolithic to the Hallstatt period. Quarrying culminated in the Early Bronze Age, when the local Jurassic chert, re-deposited in the Miocene sands, was extracted from hundreds of shafts up to 8m deep, with most of the production material left at the site. The largest shafts of the Late Lengyel culture were located on a slope below a re-deposited boulder. Shaft no. 4 yielded two skeletons of females; the lower one had a newborn placed on her breasts. Both women were found to be the shortest of the then population as a whole, and they were weak, diseased, and poorly fed during their childhood. By contrast, as adults they were fed with meat and carried out heavy work, which is corroborated by strongly marked muscle attachments and vertebral degeneration. The hypothesis is that the patriarchy extracted labor (also) from lower status individuals who toiled in the mines. However ritual aspects cannot be excluded: in some lands, the Earth is of female gender, and as such will more willingly accept women than men… but why exactly the smallest ones?

References:

Dočkalová, M. and Čižmář, Z. 2008. Neolithic settlement burials of adult and juvenile individuals in Moravia, Czech Republic, Anthropologie 46, 37–76
Jarošová, I. 2010. XVII. Dentice jedinců z Krumlovského lesa. In M. Oliva, Pravěké hornictví v Krumlovském lese, Brno, Moravské Zemské Muzeum, 409–418
Judd, M. 2008. The parry problem, Journal of Archaeological Science 35, 1658–1666
Kandert, J. 2010. Náboženské systémy. Člověk náboženský a jak mu porozum, Praha, Grada
Neustupný, E. 1967. K počátkům patriarchátu ve střední Evropě. The beginnings of patriarchy in Central Europ, Praha, Rozpravy ČSAV, řada společenských věd 77/2
Neustupný, E. (ed.). 2013. The Prehistory of Bohemia 3, The Eneolithic, Prague, Archeologický ústav AV ČR
Nývltová-Fišáková, M. 2010. XIX. Výživa, původ a doba smrti dvou žen z pozdnělengyelské těžební šachty 4 v Krumlovském lese. In M. Oliva, Pravěké hornictví v Krumlovském lese, Brno, Moravské Zemské Muzeum, 423–426
Oliva, M. 2010. Pravěké hornictví v Krumlovském lese. Vznik a vývoj industriálně-sakrální krajiny na jižní Moravě. (Prehistoric mining in the ‘"Krumlovský les" (Southern Moravia). Origin and development of an industrial-sacred landscape, Brno, Moravské Zemské Muzeum
Pany, D. 2005. ‘Working in a saltmine…’ – Erste Ergebnisse der anthropologischen Auswertung von Muskelmarken an den menschlichen Skeletten aus dem Gräberfeld Hallstatt, Studien zur Kulturgeschichte von Oberösterreich 13, 101–111
Rind, M. M. 2014. Das neolithische Hornsteinbergwerk in Abensberg-Arnhofen: eine Zwischenbilanz. In L. Husty, W. Irlinger and J. Pechtl (eds), ‘…und es hatdoch was gebracht!’ Festschrift für Karl Schmotz zum 65. Geburtstag, Internationale Archäologie – Studia Honoraria, Rahden, Vlg Marie Leidorf, 163–178
Ruttkay, E. 1970. Das jungsteinzeitliche Hornsteinbergwerk mit Bestattungen von der Antonshöhe bei Mauer (Wien 23), Mitteilungen der Anthropologischen Gesellschaft in Wien 100, 70–115
Šerý, O. 2010. XVIII. DNA analýza tří kosterních pozůstatků z mladolengyelské těžní šachty v Krumlovském lese. In M. Oliva, Pravěké hornictví v Krumlovském lese, Brno, Moravské Zemské Muzeum, 419–422
Tvrdý, Z. 2010. XVI. Antropologický posudek kosterních nálezů z mladolengyelské těžní šachty v Krumlovském lese. In M. Oliva, Pravěké hornictví v Krumlovském lese, Brno, Moravské Zemské Muzeum, 402–408

Start page:

43

End page:

48

Detailed Resource Type:

Article

Resource Identifier:

oai:rcin.org.pl:130308

Language:

eng

Rights:

Creative Commons Attribution BY-SA 3.0 PL license

Terms of use:

Copyright-protected material. [CC BY-SA 3.0 PL] May be used within the scope specified in Creative Commons Attribution BY-SA 3.0 PL license, full text available at: ; -

Digitizing institution:

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Library of the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Projects co-financed by:

Operational Program Digital Poland, 2014-2020, Measure 2.3: Digital accessibility and usefulness of public sector information; funds from the European Regional Development Fund and national co-financing from the state budget. ; European Union. European Regional Development Fund

Access:

Open

Object collections:

Last modified:

Oct 2, 2020

In our library since:

Jun 30, 2020

Number of object content hits:

72

All available object's versions:

https://www.rcin.org.pl/iae/publication/99627

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