Object structure

Title:

The Noble Minority. The Renaissance of Ainu Culture in ContemporaryJapan

Subtitle:

Ethnologia Polona 37 2016 (2017)

Creator:

Buchalik, Lucjan

Publisher:

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology Polish Academy of Sciences

Place of publishing:

Warsaw

Date issued/created:

2017

Description:

ill. ; 24 cm

Subject and Keywords:

Ainu ; Bronisław Piłsudski ; Shigeru Kayano ; discrimination ; Japanization ; assimilation ; culture and ethnic issue

Abstract:

The Ainu is a small group of indigenous people now living mainly in Hokkaido. From the sixteenth century, they were in constant contact with the Japanese, often fighting with them. In the Meji period, beginning in 1868, the Japanese settlement on Hokkaido intensified. The Ainu were discriminated against and pushed to the margins, resulting in poverty following suit. As a consequence, Ainu culture began to regress and their language disappeared. This, however, did not result in the complete detachment of the community from tradition. Currently, although the Ainu do not lead a traditional way of life, they try to cultivate their culture based on ancestral rituals. The traditional culture of the Ainu people is known mainly due to the work of scientists, such as Bronisław Piłsudski. In the second half of the 20th century the renaissance of Ainuan culture flourished and the social activist and Ainu culture expert, Shigeru Kayano, played a major role in this. This article was prepared on the basis of available literature and interviews with the Ainu people as well as with Japanese authorities, researchers and museologists in 2015

References:

Amselle J.-L. 1999. Ethnies et espaces: pour une anthropologie topologique. In J.-L. Amsel and E. M’Bokolo (ed.), Au coeur de l’ethnie: ethnie, tribalisme et État en Afrique, Paris, 11–48 ; Batchelor J. 1901. The Ainu and Their Folk-Lore, London ; Bradley D. 2007. East and Southeast Asia. In: C. Moseley (ed.), Encyclopedia of the world’s endangered languages, London, 349–424 ; Izard M. 1985. Gens du pouvoir, gens de la terre: les institutions politiques de l’ancien royaume du Yatenga (Bassin de la Volta Blanche), Paris ; Kayano S. 2014. Ainu tools, Biratori ; Majewicz A. F. 1983. Dzieje i legendy Ajnów, Warszawa ; Majewicz A. F. 1984. Ajnu. Lud, jego język i tradycja ustna, Poznań ; Majewicz A. F. 1991. Dzieje i wierzenia Ajnów, Poznań ; Matsushita W. and Kimi N. 1978. Ainu bunken mokuroku – wabunhen, Sapporo ; no author. 2013. Together with the Ainu. History and culture, Sapporo ; Piłsudski B. 1913. Trąd wśród Gilaków i Ajnów, Lud 18, 79–91 ; Radliński I. 1901. Przeszłość w teraźniejszości, Warszawa–Kraków ; Rowthorn Ch. (ed.) 2013. Japan, Lonely Planet ; Sieroszewski W. 1957. Wśród kosmatych ludzi, Warszawa ; Takakura S. 1966. Vanishing Ainu of North Japan, Natural History 75 (3), 16–25 ; Totman C. 2009. Historia Japonii, Kraków ; Zawistowicz K. 1930. Bronisław Piłsudski, Wiedza i życie 5(1), 25–40 ; Internet 1: https://www.ethnologue.com/language/ain, access 01.09.2016 ; Internet 2: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shigeru_Kayano, access 05.09.2016 ; Internet 3: http://www.ainu-museum.or.jp/shop/book.html, access 13.09.2016 ; Internet 4: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nibutani/Dam, access 13.09.2016 ; Internet 5: http://www.irankarapte.com/img/english.pdf, access 13.09.2016 ; Internet 6: http://joemonster.org/art/29123/_Usmiechniete_kobiety_Ajnu, access 12.05.2015

Relation:

Ethnologia Polona

Volume:

37

Start page:

145

End page:

162

Resource Type:

Article

Format:

application/pdf

Resource Identifier:

0137-4079

Source:

IAiE PAN, call no. P 366 ; IAiE PAN, call no. P 367 ; IAiE PAN, call no. P 368 ; click here to follow the link

Language:

eng

Rights:

Rights Reserved - Free Access

Digitizing institution:

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Library of the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

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