Object structure

Title:

Neolithic settlement at Pleszów and changes in the natural environment in the Vistula Valley = Osadnictwo neolityczne w Pleszowie i zmiany środowiska przyrodniczego w dolinie Wisły

Subtitle:

Przegląd Archeologiczny T. 34 (1987)

Creator:

Godłowska, Marta ; Kozłowski, Janusz K. (1937– ) ; Starkel, Leszek (1931– ) ; Wasylikowa, Krystyna (1932– )

Contributor:

Bławat, Krystyna : Tł.

Publisher:

Polska Akademia Nauk. Instytut Historii Kultury Materialnej

Place of publishing:

Wrocław

Date issued/created:

1987

Description:

il. ; 29 cm

Type of object:

Czasopismo/Artykuł

Subject and Keywords:

neolit -- Polska ; Pleszów, Nowa Huta (Kraków, Polska) ; osadnictwo neolitu -- Polska ; palinologia ; flora neolitu ; krzemieniarstwo neolitu ; przedmioty krzemienne neolitu ; ceramiki wstęgowej rytej kultura ; lendzielska kultura ; Kraków, woj. małopolskie-region (Polska)

Abstract:

The development of neolithic settlement on the loess terrace at Pleszów induced considerable changes in the natural environment. Pollen diagrams from the oxbow lake at the foot of the terrace show seven settlement phases which have been correlated with successive cultural phases. Palynological settlement phase I, dated before 4100 ±40 or 4305±40 b.c., links with the Music-note phase of the Linear Pottery culture; pollen phase II with the dates of 4035±50, 3960±40 and 3955±40 b.c., coincides with the Želiezovce phase. The most distinct pollen phases III and IV, delimited by the dates 3880±40 and 3430±60 b.c., correspond to the Lengyel culture settlement at Pleszów. Settlement phase V dated to 3430±60 B.C., falls probably during the time lapse when the Lengyel culture population shifted ca 2 km west to site 62 (Mogiła). Pollen phases VI (prior to 2805±35 b.c.) and VII (after 2805±35 b.c.),weakly discernible in the pollen diagram may be associated with the occupation of small settlements of the Funnel Beaker culture. Agricultural strategies of these communities consisted in land rotation: small areas were cleared by burning forest stands (and probably hazel thickets too), cereals were cultivated for a time, then the fields were abandoned and cultivation transferred to new clearances. Some of the fallows were never recultivated facilitating forest recovery, while others were used as pastures hindering the spread of trees and shrubs. Land rotation extended over all kinds of landscape, from the valley to the loess terrace plateau. The descent of cultivation into the valley floor and subsequent recession were determined by fluctuations of the water level. Destruction of the original vegetation cover on the loess terrace brought on the processes of slopewash ca 3880 b.c. The increase of their intensity ca 2800 b.c. led to the fossilization of the paleochannel at the foot of the loess terrace

Relation:

Przegląd Archeologiczny

Volume:

34

Start page:

133

End page:

159

Resource type:

Tekst

Detailed Resource Type:

Artykuł

Format:

application/pdf

Resource Identifier:

0079-7138

Source:

IAiE PAN, sygn. P III 149 ; IAiE PAN, sygn. P III 272 ; IAiE PAN, sygn. P III 353 ; click here to follow the link

Language:

eng

Rights:

Prawa zastrzeżone - dostęp nieograniczony

Terms of use:

Zasób chroniony prawem autorskim. Korzystanie dozwolone w zakresie określonym przez przepisy o dozwolonym użytku.

Digitizing institution:

Instytut Archeologii i Etnologii Polskiej Akademii Nauk

Original in:

Biblioteka Instytutu Archeologii i Etnologii PAN

Projects co-financed by:

Ministra Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego ; Działalność upowszechniająca naukę (DUN)

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