RCIN and OZwRCIN projects

Object

Title: The Qadan, the Jebel Sahaba Cemetery and the Lithic Collection

Creator:

Usai, Donatella

Date issued/created:

2020

Resource type:

Text

Subtitle:

Archaeologia Polona Vol. 58 (2020)

Publisher:

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology Polish Academy of Sciences

Place of publishing:

Warszawa

Description:

ill. ; 24 cm

Type of object:

Journal/Article

Abstract:

The Late Pleistocene, Early and Middle Holocene Nubian cultural sequence was constructed after the pioneering work done in Nubia in the 1960s (Irwin et al., 1968; Wendorf ed. 1968c; Marks 1970; Nordström ed. 1972). Most of the prehistoric sites located by the expeditions during the Nubian Campaign were surface concentrations and their dating was made on the basis of their location on ancient Nile deposits attested at different levels: the Dibeira-Jer, Ballana, Sahaba, Birbet and Arkin formations (De Heinzelin 1968). Absolute elevation was also considered as relevant to a site’s date. Within this cultural sequence, the Qadan (Shiner 1968a) was usually associated with the Sahaba Formation, whose beginning was more or less established at 16,500 BP (De Heinzelin 1968), and the Jebel Sahaba cemetery (site 117) was attributed to this same cultural phase. The Qadan sequence has been already discussed by the author (Usai 2008a) in a paper demonstrating that Shiner’s hypothesis that the Abkan Neolithic complex originated directly from the Qadan needed revision. This contribution continues this discussion but to suggest that it now appears that the Jebel Sahaba cemetery cannot be possibly associated with the Qadan. In doing so, it notes some possible discrepancies and some important factors

References:

Albritton, C. C. Jr. 1968. Geology of the Tushka site: 8905. In F. Wendorf (ed.), The Prehistory of Nubia Vol. II, Dallas, Southern Methodist University Press, 856-846(?)
Anderson, J. E. 1968. Late Paleolithic skeletal remains from Nubia. In F. Wendorf (ed.), The Prehistory of Nubia Vol. II, Dallas, Southern Methodist University Press, 996-1040
Antoine, D., Zazzo, A. and Friedmann, R. 2013. Revisiting Jebel Sahaba: new apatite radiocarbon dates for one of the Nile valley’s earliest cemetery, American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Supplement 56: 68
Binford, L. 1979. Organization and formation processes: looking at curated technologies, Journal of Anthropological Research 35(3): 251–273
Binford, L. 1980. Willow smoke and dog tails: hunter-gatherer settlement system and archaeological site formation, American Antiquity 45: 1–17
Dal Sasso, G., Lebon, M., Angelini, I., Maritan, L., Usai, D. and Artioli, G. 2016. Bone diagenesis variability among multiple burial phases at Al Khiday (Sudan) investigated by ATR-FTIR spectroscopy, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 463: 168–179
Dal Sasso, G., Zerboni, A., Maritan, L., Angelini, I., Compostella, C., Usai, D. and Artioli, G. 2018. Radiocarbon dating reveals the timing of formation and development of pedogenic calcium carbonate concretions in Central Sudan during the Holocene, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 238: 16–35
D’Ercole, G. 2017. Ceramic manufacturing techniques and cultural traditions in Nubia from the 8th to the 3rd millennium BC, Oxford Archeopress Publishing Ltd. Cambridge Monographs in African Archaeology
De Heinzelin, J. 1968. Geological history of the Nile valley in Nubia. In F. Wendorf (ed.), Prehistory of Nubia Vol. I, Dallas, Southern Methodist University Press, 19-55
Irwin, H. T., Wheat, J. B. and Irwin, L. F. 1968. University of Colorado investigations of Palaeolithic and Epipaleolithic sites in the Sudan, Africa, Salt Lake City, University of Utah, Anthropological Papers 90
Judd, M. 2006. Jebel Sahaba revisited. In K. Kroeper, M. Chłodnicki and M. Kobusiewicz (eds), Archaeology of Early Northeastern Africa, Poznań, Poznan Archaeological Museum, 153-166
Lermolieff, I. 1890. Kunstkritische Studien über Italienische Malerei. Die Galerien Borghese und Doria Panfili in Rom. Leipzig, F. A. Brockhaus
Marks, A. E. 1970. Preceramic Site, Stockholm, Scandinavian University Books, The Scandinavian Joint Expedition to Sudanese Nubia Publications 2
Nordström, H. A. (ed.) 1972. Neolithic and A-Group sites, Stockholm, Scandinavian joint expedition to Sudanese Nubia 3, Scandinavian University Books
Schild, R. and Wendorf, F. 2010. Late Palaeolithic Hunter-Gatherers in the Nile Valley of Nubia and Upper Egypt. In E. E. A. Garcea (ed.), South-Eastern Mediterranean Peoples Between 130,000 and 10,000 Years ago, Oxford and Oakville, Oxbow Books, 89-125
Schild, R., Chmielewska, M. and Więckowska, H. 1968. The Arkinian and Shamarkian industries. In F. Wendorf (ed.), Prehistory of Nubia Vol. II, Dallas, Southern Methodist University Press, 651-767
Shiner, J. L. 1968a. The Cataract Tradition. In F. Wendorf (ed.), Prehistory of Nubia Vol. II, Dallas Southern Methodist University Press, 535-629
Shiner, J. L. 1968b. The Khartoum Variant. In F. Wendorf (ed.), Prehistory of Nubia Vol. II, Dallas, Southern Methodist University Press, 768-798
Usai, D. 2005. Early Holocene seasonal movements between the Desert and the Nile Valley. Details from the lithic industry of some Khartoum Variant and some Nabta/Kiseiba sites, Journal of African Archaeology 3(1): 103–115
Usai, D. 2008a. Lunates and micro-lunates, cores and flakes: The lithic industry of R12. In S. Salvatori and D. Usai (eds), A Neolithic cemetery in the Northern Dongola Reach (Sudan): Excavation at Site R12, London, The Sudan Archaeological Research Society Publications, 33-52
Usai, D. 2008b. Tracing the movements of the Western desert dwellers. Site 11-I-13 in Wadi Karagan, Sudanese Nubia, closely akin to El Ghorab or El Nabta, Journal of African Archaeology 6(2): 219–232
Welsby, D. 1997. Early Pottery in the Middle Nile Valley. In I. Freestone and D. Gaimster (eds), Pottery in the making. World ceramic traditions, London, 26-31
Wendorf, F. 1968a. Late Palaeolithic sites in Egyptian Nubia. In F. Wendorf (ed.), The Prehistory of Nubia Vol. II, Dallas, Southern Methodist University Press, 791-953
Wendorf, F. 1968b. Site 117: a Nubian Final Palaeolithic graveyard near Jebel Sahaba. In F. Wendorf (ed.), The Prehistory of Nubia Vol. II, Dallas, Southern Methodist University Press, 954-995
Wendorf, F. (ed.) 1968c. The Prehistory of Nubia Vol. I, II. Dallas, Southern Methodist University Press
Wendorf, F. and Schild, R. 1989. Summary and Synthesis. In A. E. Close (ed.), The Prehistory of Wadi Kubbaniya, Late Paleolithic Archaeology Volume 3, Dallas, Southern Methodist University, 768-824
Zazzo, A. 2014. Bone and enamel carbonate diagenesis: a radiocarbon prospective, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 416: 168–178

Relation:

Archaeologia Polona

Volume:

58

Start page:

99

End page:

119

Detailed Resource Type:

Article

Format:

application/octet-stream

Resource Identifier:

oai:rcin.org.pl:133593 ; 0066-5924 ; doi:10.23858/APa58.2020.006

Source:

IAiE PAN, call no. P 357 ; IAiE PAN, call no. P 358 ; IAiE PAN, call no. P 356 ; click here to follow the link

Language:

eng

Rights:

Creative Commons Attribution BY-SA 3.0 PL license

Terms of use:

Copyright-protected material. [CC BY-SA 3.0 PL] May be used within the scope specified in Creative Commons Attribution BY-SA 3.0 PL license, full text available at: ; -

Digitizing institution:

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Library of the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Access:

Open

Object collections:

Last modified:

Feb 18, 2021

In our library since:

Jul 26, 2020

Number of object content hits:

158

Number of object content views in PDF format

292

All available object's versions:

https://www.rcin.org.pl/iae/publication/167206

Show description in RDF format:

RDF

Show description in RDFa format:

RDFa

Show description in OAI-PMH format:

OAI-PMH

×

Citation

Citation style:

This page uses 'cookies'. More information