RCIN and OZwRCIN projects

Object

Title: Mining for Salt in European Prehistory

Creator:

Harding, Anthony

Date issued/created:

2018

Resource type:

Text

Subtitle:

Between History and Archaeology : papers in honour of Jacek Lech

Publisher:

Archaeopress Archaeology

Place of publishing:

Oxford; England

Description:

ill. ; 29 cm

Type of object:

Book/Chapter

Abstract:

Salt was produced in a number of ways in ancient times. Evaporation using briquetage was the commonest, but mining or quarrying rock salt is better known, especially from the famous mines at Hallstatt (Gmunden district) and the Dürrnberg (Hallein district). One of the richest areas for salt is the Carpathian zone; the article describes the results of recent fieldwork in Romania, where a technique using wooden troughs and wattle-framed ponds was used. It is argued that a form of open-cast mining was employed, the troughs used to assist breaking up the rock salt surface, and perhaps also to facilitate concentration of brine

References:

Aali, A., Stöllner, T., Abar, A. and Rühli, F. 2012. The salt men of Iran: the salt mine of Douzlakh, Chehrabad, Archäologisches Korrespondenzblatt 42 (1), 61–81
Barth, F.E. 1982. Prehistoric saltmining at Hallstatt, Bulletin Institute Archaeology London 19, 31–43
Barth, F.E. 1998. Bronzezeitliche Salzgewinnung in Hallstatt. In B. Hänsel (ed.) Mensch und Umwelt in der Bronzezeit Europas, Kiel, Vlg Marie Leidorf, 123–128
Bertaux, J.-P. 1976. L’archéologie du sel en Lorraine, ‘Le briquetage de la Seille’ (Etat actuel des recherches). In J.-P. Millotte, A. Thévenin and B. Chertier (eds), Livret-Guide de l’excursion A7, Champagne, Lorraine, Alsace, Franche-Comté, UISPP IXe Congrès Nice 1976, Paris, Union internationale pour l’étude du Quaternaire, 64–79
Daire, M.-Y. 2003. Le sel des Gaulois. Collection des Hesperides, Paris, Errance
Daire, M.-Y. (ed.). 1994. Le sel gaulois. Bouilleurs de sel et ateliers de briquetages armoricains à l’Âge du Fer, Saint-Malo, Centre Régional d’Archéologie d’Alet
Fawn, A.J., Evans, K.A., McMaster, I. and Davies, G.M.R. (eds). 1990. The Red Hills of Essex: Salt-making in antiquity, Colchester, Colchester Archaeological Group
Gouletquer, P.L. 1970. Les briquetages armoricains. Technologie protohistorique du sel en Armorique, Rennes, Faculté des sciences de Rennes
Harding, A. 2011. Evidence for salt production rediscovered in the Hungarian Central Mining Museum, The Antiquaries Journal 91, 27–49
Harding, A. and Kavruk, V. 2013. Explorations in Salt Archaeology in the Carpathian Zone, Budapest, Archaeolingua
Jaanusson, H. and Jaanusson, V. 1988. Sea-salt as a commodity of barter in Bronze Age trade of northern Europe. In B. Hardh, L. Larsson, D. Olausson and R. Petré (eds), Trade and Exchange in Prehistory. Studies in Honour of Berta Stjernquist, Acta Archaeologica Lundensia, series in 8º, 16. Lund, Lunds Universitets Historiska Museum, 107– 12
Kern, A., Kowarik, K., Rausch, A.W. and Reschreiter, H. (eds). 2009. Kingdom of Salt. 7000 years of Hallstatt (English version of Salz-Reich. 7000 Jahre Hallstatt, 2008), Vienna, Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, Veröffentlichungen der prähistorischen Abteilung 3
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Stöllner, T. 2002. Der prähistorische Salzbergbau am Dürrnberg bei Hallein II. Die Funde und Befunde der Bergwerksausgrabungen zwischen 1990 und 2000, Rahden/Westf. Dürrnberg-Forschungen Band 3, Abteilung Bergbau, Veröffentlichungen aus dem Deutschen Bergbau-Museum Bochum 113, 2 volumes
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Wollmann, V. 1996. Mineritul metalifer, extragerea sării şi carierele de piatră în Dacia Romană / Der Erzbergbau, die Salzgewinnung und die Steinbrüche im Römischen Dakien, Cluj-Napoca, Muzeul de Istorie, Bibliotheca Musei Napocensis 13, Veröffentlichungen aus dem Deutschen Bergbau–Museum Bochum 63

Start page:

323

End page:

329

Detailed Resource Type:

Article

Resource Identifier:

oai:rcin.org.pl:130398

Language:

eng

Rights:

Creative Commons Attribution BY-SA 3.0 PL license

Terms of use:

Copyright-protected material. [CC BY-SA 3.0 PL] May be used within the scope specified in Creative Commons Attribution BY-SA 3.0 PL license, full text available at: ; -

Digitizing institution:

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Library of the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Projects co-financed by:

Operational Program Digital Poland, 2014-2020, Measure 2.3: Digital accessibility and usefulness of public sector information; funds from the European Regional Development Fund and national co-financing from the state budget. ; European Union. European Regional Development Fund

Access:

Open

Object collections:

Last modified:

Oct 2, 2020

In our library since:

Jun 30, 2020

Number of object content hits:

41

All available object's versions:

https://www.rcin.org.pl/iae/publication/103343

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