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Subject and Keywords:
Poland - 1764-1795 (Stanisław August Poniatowski) - sources ; Stackelberg, Otto Magnus (1736-1800) - and Poland - sources ; Russia - relations - Poland - 18th c. ; Poland - relations - Russia - 18th c.
The article presents one of the most important primary sources on the history of reign of King Stanislaus Augustus in the form of notes of the king’s talks with the Russian Ambassador Otto Magnus von Stackelberg held in 1773–1779. There is a detailed analysis of the time, place and manner in which the source was created, together with its comparison with a fragment of the king’s Mémoirs, spanning the same period of time. The Entretiens made a chronological and factual frame for the king’s Mémoirs, and for this reason they could be used to assess the reliability of Stanislaus Augustus’ memoirs. The discovery of an unknown so far clean copy of the Entretiens among the materials repossessed from Russia induces us to look in Russian archives for other tomes of the Entretiens, which the king had to have with him in Saint Petersburg, when he was working on successive volumes of his memoirs.
Bańkowski P., Archiwum Stanisława Augusta. Monografia archiwoznawcza, Warszawa 1958 ; Kostkiewiczowa T., Pamiętniki Stanisława Augusta na nowo odkryte, Studia i Materiały. Zamek Królewski w Warszawie, t. 4, Warszawa 2015 ; Pamiętniki Stanisława Augusta i ich bohaterowie, red. A. Grześkowiak-Krwawicz, Warszawa 2015 ; Rostworowski E., Edukacja ostatniego króla (1765–1772), w: tenże, Popioły i korzenie. Szkice historyczne i rodzinne, Kraków 1985, s. 61–73