Object

Title: Biothermal contrasts while travelling in or between Poland and Bulgaria

Creator:

Milewski, Paweł ; Szmyd, Jakub

Date issued/created:

2015

Resource Type:

Article

Subtitle:

Europa XXI 29 (2015)

Publisher:

IGiPZ PAN

Place of publishing:

Warszawa

Description:

29 cm

Abstract:

Given that the number of tourists travelling between Poland and Bulgaria increases every year, this article considers the adaptation strain facing those who move between certain sites on national or international routes. The Adaptation Strain Index (ASI) was applied for this purpose, and seasonal and spatial patterns of bioclimatic contrasts were considered. While travel within one or other of the countries does not prove particularly oppressive, it may sometimes lead to moderate adaptation strain. In contrast, international travel may prove especially stressful in summer and winter, to the extent that even very strong adaptation strain may be evoked. The results confirm the utility of the Adaptation Strain Index in measuring the bioclimatic contrasts between different locations.

References:

1. Błażejczyk K., 2007. Multiannual and seasonal weather fluctuations and tourism in Poland. [in:] B. Amelung, K. Błażejczyk, A. Matzarakis (eds.), Climate Change and Tourism Assessment and Coping Strategies, pp. 69-90. ; 2. Błażejczyk K., 2011. Assessment of regional bioclimatic contrasts in Poland. Miscellanea Geographica, 15, pp. 77-91. ; - ; 3. Błażejczyk K., Jendritzky G., Bröde P., Fiala D., Havenith G., Epstein Y., Psikuta A., Kampmann B., 2013. An introduction to the Universal Thermal Climate Index (UTCI). Geographia Polonica, vol. 86, no. 1, pp. 5-10. ; - ; 4. Błażejczyk K., Vinogradova V., 2014. Adaptation Strain Index for tourists travelling from Central and Northern Europe to the Mediterranean. Finisterra, XLIX, vol. 98, pp. 135-152. ; 5. Bröde P., Fiala D., Błażejczyk K., Holmér I., Jendritzky G., Kampmann B., Tinz B., Havenith G., 2012. Deriving the operational procedure for the Universal Thermal Climate Index (UTCI). Int J Biometeorol, vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 481-494. ; - ; 6. Burton A.C., Edholm O.G., 1955. Man in a cold environment: physiological and pathological effects of exposure to low temperatures. London: E Arnold Publ, 287 pp. ; 7. CSO, 2010. Tourism in 2009. Warsaw: Central Statistical Office, 183 pp. ; 8. CSO, 2011. Tourism in 2010. Warsaw: Central Statistical Office, 193 pp. ; 9. CSO, 2012. Tourism in 2011. Warsaw: Central Statistical Office, 208 pp. ; 10. CSO, 2013. Tourism in 2012. Warsaw: Central Statistical Office, 203 pp. ; 11. CSO, 2014. Tourism in 2013. Warsaw: Central Statistical Office, 237 pp. ; 12. CSO, 2015. Tourism in 2014. Warsaw: Central Statistical Office, 254 pp. ; 13. Eurostat, 2015. Tourism statistics at regional level. Eurostat, http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statisticsexplained/index.php/Tourism_statistics_at_regional_level [30 November 2015]. ; 14. Fourt J., Hollies N.R.S., 1970. Clothing. Comfort and function. New York: M Dekker Inc, 254 pp. ; 15. de Freitas C.R., Grigorieva E.A., 2009. The Acclimatization Thermal Strain Index (ATSI): a preliminary study of the methodology applied to climatic conditions of the Russian Far East, Int J Biometeorol, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 307-315. ; - ; 16. Havenith G., Fiala D., Błażejczyk K., Richards M., Bröde P., Holmér I., Rintamaki H., Benshabat Y., Jendritzky G., 2012. The UTCI-clothing model. Int J Biometeorol, vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 461-470. ; - ; 17. Mateeva Z., Filipov A., 2003. Bioclimatic distance index in the Rila-and-Rhodopy area of Bulgaria. [in:] K. Błażejczyk, B. Krawczyk (eds.), Postępy w badaniach klimatycznych i bioklimatycznych, Prace Geograficzne IGiPZ PAN, vol. 188, pp. 295-302. ; 18. Peel M.C., Finlayson B.L., McMahon T.A., 2007. Updated world map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 1633-1644. ; - ; 19. UNWTO, 2015. UNWTO Tourism Highlights, http://mkt.unwto.org/publication/unwto-tourismhighlights-2015-edition [30 November 2015].

Relation:

Europa XXI

Volume:

29

Start page:

73

End page:

84

Format:

File size 1,1 MB ; application/pdf

Resource Identifier:

oai:rcin.org.pl:58781 ; 1429-7132 ; 10.7163/Eu21.2015.29.5

Source:

CBGiOŚ. IGiPZ PAN, call nos.: Cz.6406, Cz.6407 ; click here to follow the link

Language:

eng

Language of abstract:

eng

Rights:

Rights Reserved - Free Access

Terms of use:

Copyright-protected material. May be used within the limits of statutory user freedoms

Digitizing institution:

Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Central Library of Geography and Environmental Protection. Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization PAS

Projects co-financed by:

European Union. European Regional Development Fund ; Programme Innovative Economy, 2010-2014, Priority Axis 2. R&D infrastructure

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