Object structure

Title:

Breeding biology of the great grey shrike Lanius excubitor in W Poland

Subtitle:

Acta Ornithologica, vol. 39, no. 1 ; Biologia rozrodu srokosza w zachodniej Polsce ; Great grey shrike biology

Creator:

Antczak, Marcin ; Hromada Martin ; Grzybek Jerzy ; Tryjanowski Piotr ; Polska Akademia Nauk. Muzeum i Instytut Zoologii

Contributor:

Museum and Institute of Zoology, Polish Academy of Sciences

Publisher:

Museum & Institute of Zoology

Place of publishing:

Warszawa

Date issued/created:

2004

Description:

Bibliogr. p. 13-14 ; p. [9]-14 : ill. ; 27 cm ; Abstract. pol.

Subject and Keywords:

Great Grey Shrike ; Lanius excubitor ; breeding biology ; farmland ; nest location

Abstract:

A Great Grey Shrike population was studied in two large plots (220 km2 and 176 km2) in western Poland in 1999 - 2003. During the study period densities varied from 11.4 to 14.1 breeding pairs/100 km2 but numbers were stable. In all, 180 Great Grey Shrike nests were found - 114 (63.3%) in conifers, 66 (36.7%) in deciduous trees. This population’s reproductive parameters were relatively high in comparison to those of other European populations: mean clutch size - 6.6, hatching success - 92.5%, mean brood size - 5.72, mean number of fledglings per pair - 4.1, mean number of fledged young per successful pair - 5.25. Eggs (mean 27.1 x 19.9 mm) were found to be larger than reported in the literature. Nesting success was similar in both study plots, but there was slight seasonal variability: 52.6% - 41.0% from 99 nesting attempts in the first plot, 43.7% - 42.1% from 37 nests in the second. Predation was the main cause of nest losses. Plastic string used as nesting material appeared to be the most important cause of partial failures: 13 (8.2%) of a total of 147 nestlings surviving to fledging perished as a result of becoming tangled up in it. Nestlings rarely starved. Nests in linear habitats suffered significantly higher breeding losses (78.6%, N = 28) than those in non-linear habitats (50%, N = 90). The high fitness values obtained from this population were probably due to traditional farming practices, the sparing use of pesticides and the good potential food base.

Relation:

Acta Ornithologica

Volume:

39

Issue:

1

Start page:

9

End page:

14

Resource Type:

Journal

Format:

text/xml

Resource Identifier:

click here to follow the link

Source:

MiIZ PAN, call no. patrz sygn. czas. P.257-39-1 ; MiIZ PAN, call no. patrz sygn. czas. P.4568-39-1 ; click here to follow the link

Language:

eng

Rights:

Rights Reserved - Free Access

Terms of use:

Copyright-protected material. May be used within the limits of statutory user freedoms

Digitizing institution:

Museum and Institute of Zoology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Library of the Museum and Institute of Zoology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Projects co-financed by:


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https://www.bioone.org/doi/pdf/10.3161/068.039.0105