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The ranges of the 89 mammalian species occurring in Poland have been described. Most of these ranges and majority of the Polish theriofauna species are confined to the Palaearctic Realm. The main aim of this work is a detail division of each Polish mammal’s range into zoogeographical units (Regions, Subregions, Provinces and Subprovinces) of the Eastern and Western Palaearctic. Taxonomically, Polish terrestrial mammals belong to 20 families. Some of the species have significantly expanded their geographical ranges, with some currently occurring onall continents. Examples are given in the paper of Polish mammal species that have become extinct over the last 50 years. The numbers of mammalian species in different parts of Palaearctic (faunistic units) are presented in diagrams.The ranges of many species exceed limits of Palaearctic and spread into Paleotropical, Neotropical Realms or the Nearctic part of Holarctic.