Title:

Wpływ długotrwałego pobudzenia receptora NMDA w hodowanych astrocytach mysich na wybrane białka astrocytarne

Creator:

Skowrońska, Katarzyna

Contributor:

Albrecht, Jan ( Promotor)

Publisher:

Instytut Medycyny Doświadczalnej i Klinicznej im. M. Mossakowskiego, PAN

Place of publishing:

Warszawa

Date issued/created:

2019

Description:

Bibliografia zawiera 477 pozycji ; [6], 112 s.: il., wykr., fotogr. ; 24 cm

Degree name:

PhD

Level of degree:

2

Degree discipline :

medical biology

Degree grantor:

Mossakowski Medical Research Center PAS

Subject and Keywords:

Astrocytes ; Glutamine synthetase ; Neuroprotection ; Neutrotransmission ; Excitotoxicity

Abstract:

The role of astrocytic NMDAR in the brain physiology and pathology has only begun to be understood. The results of this dissertation demonstrate that the short-term treatment of NMDA caused an increase of intracellular Ca2+ concentration in astrocytes in a way involving NMDA interaction with NMDAR, because the response was blocked by the receptor channel blocker , MK801, and it did not occur in cells with a silenced GluN1 subunit. For the first time , we have shown that NMDA causes an increase of [3H]-MK 801 binding in cultured astrocytes, an effect that can only occur if that receptor has been preactivated. Immunocytochemical analysis confirmed the presence of the GluN1 subunit of NMDAR and revealed its membrane localization in astrocytes, moreover use of specific siRNA for the GluN1 subunit warranted the soecificity oh the obtained result. Additionally, expression of the GluN1 subunit at the protein level was affirmed by Western blot analysis. The long-term exposure of astrocytes to NMDA decreased the expression of three astrolia-specific proteins-glutamine synthetase (GS), aquaporin 4 (AQP4) and Kir4.1. Moreover, downregulation of GS expression was translatedof to the decreased enzyme activity. The abolition of the NMDA-induced changes by silencing the GluN1subunit of NMDAR positively verified the dependence of the changes on specific interaction of NMDA with NMDAR. The dependence of the decrease of GS, AQP4 and Kir4.1 content on the presence of calcium in the incubation medium, indicated that this effect was induced by the ionotropic mechanisms. Moreover , tt has been demonstrates that the mechanisms of regulation by NMDAR differs for astroglia-specific proteins; NMDA treatment increased expression of GLAST mRNA without affecting the ability of astrocytes to D-aspatate uptake (an unmetabolisable Glu analogue). The fact long-term exposure of astrocytes in vitro to NMDA decreased the expression of three astrocytic proteins, critical in maintaining of ion (Kir4.1), water (AQP4) homeostasis and the balance of neurotransmitters (GS), documented the participation of astrocytic NMDAR in the response of astrocytes to the excitotoxic signal.

Relation:

Prace doktorskie.

Source:

IMDiK PAN, call no. ZS 399 ; click here to follow the link

Language of abstract:

eng

Rights:

Creative Commons Attribution BY 4.0 license

Terms of use:

Copyright-protected material. [CC BY 4.0] May be used within the scope specified in Creative Commons Attribution BY 4.0 license, full text available at: ; -

Digitizing institution:

Mossakowski Medical Research Center PAS ;

Original in:

Library of the Mossakowski Medical Research Center PAS

Projects co-financed by:

Operational Program Digital Poland, 2014-2020, Measure 2.3: Digital accessibility and usefulness of public sector information; funds from the European Regional Development Fund and national co-financing from the state budget.