Object

Title: The Noble Minority. The Renaissance of Ainu Culture in ContemporaryJapan

Creator:

Buchalik, Lucjan

Date issued/created:

2017

Resource Type:

Article

Subtitle:

Ethnologia Polona 37 2016 (2017)

Publisher:

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology Polish Academy of Sciences

Place of publishing:

Warsaw

Description:

ill. ; 24 cm

Abstract:

The Ainu is a small group of indigenous people now living mainly in Hokkaido. From the sixteenth century, they were in constant contact with the Japanese, often fighting with them. In the Meji period, beginning in 1868, the Japanese settlement on Hokkaido intensified. The Ainu were discriminated against and pushed to the margins, resulting in poverty following suit. As a consequence, Ainu culture began to regress and their language disappeared. This, however, did not result in the complete detachment of the community from tradition. Currently, although the Ainu do not lead a traditional way of life, they try to cultivate their culture based on ancestral rituals. The traditional culture of the Ainu people is known mainly due to the work of scientists, such as Bronisław Piłsudski. In the second half of the 20th century the renaissance of Ainuan culture flourished and the social activist and Ainu culture expert, Shigeru Kayano, played a major role in this. This article was prepared on the basis of available literature and interviews with the Ainu people as well as with Japanese authorities, researchers and museologists in 2015

References:

Amselle J.-L. 1999. Ethnies et espaces: pour une anthropologie topologique. In J.-L. Amsel and E. M’Bokolo (ed.), Au coeur de l’ethnie: ethnie, tribalisme et État en Afrique, Paris, 11–48
Batchelor J. 1901. The Ainu and Their Folk-Lore, London
Bradley D. 2007. East and Southeast Asia. In: C. Moseley (ed.), Encyclopedia of the world’s endangered languages, London, 349–424
Izard M. 1985. Gens du pouvoir, gens de la terre: les institutions politiques de l’ancien royaume du Yatenga (Bassin de la Volta Blanche), Paris
Kayano S. 2014. Ainu tools, Biratori
Majewicz A. F. 1983. Dzieje i legendy Ajnów, Warszawa
Majewicz A. F. 1984. Ajnu. Lud, jego język i tradycja ustna, Poznań
Majewicz A. F. 1991. Dzieje i wierzenia Ajnów, Poznań
Matsushita W. and Kimi N. 1978. Ainu bunken mokuroku – wabunhen, Sapporo
no author. 2013. Together with the Ainu. History and culture, Sapporo
Piłsudski B. 1913. Trąd wśród Gilaków i Ajnów, Lud 18, 79–91
Radliński I. 1901. Przeszłość w teraźniejszości, Warszawa–Kraków
Rowthorn Ch. (ed.) 2013. Japan, Lonely Planet
Sieroszewski W. 1957. Wśród kosmatych ludzi, Warszawa
Takakura S. 1966. Vanishing Ainu of North Japan, Natural History 75 (3), 16–25
Totman C. 2009. Historia Japonii, Kraków
Zawistowicz K. 1930. Bronisław Piłsudski, Wiedza i życie 5(1), 25–40
Internet 1: https://www.ethnologue.com/language/ain, access 01.09.2016
Internet 2: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shigeru_Kayano, access 05.09.2016
Internet 3: http://www.ainu-museum.or.jp/shop/book.html, access 13.09.2016
Internet 4: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nibutani/Dam, access 13.09.2016
Internet 5: http://www.irankarapte.com/img/english.pdf, access 13.09.2016
Internet 6: http://joemonster.org/art/29123/_Usmiechniete_kobiety_Ajnu, access 12.05.2015

Relation:

Ethnologia Polona

Volume:

37

Start page:

145

End page:

162

Format:

application/pdf

Resource Identifier:

oai:rcin.org.pl:66280 ; 0137-4079

Source:

IAiE PAN, call no. P 366 ; IAiE PAN, call no. P 367 ; IAiE PAN, call no. P 368 ; click here to follow the link

Language:

eng

Rights:

Rights Reserved - Free Access

Digitizing institution:

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Library of the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Object collections:

Last modified:

Nov 24, 2018

In our library since:

Sep 26, 2018

Number of object content hits:

81

All available object's versions:

http://www.rcin.org.pl/iae/publication/85957

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